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Ch 4 A&P

QuestionAnswer
Pain or pressure in the chest Angina pectoris
Abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity Ascites
Can general localized narrowing of the aorta Coarcation of the aorta
Abnormal pattern of heartbeat, without rhythm Arrhythmia
Ventricles at rest and fill with blood Dystole
Ventricles contract to pump blood to the body Systole
Cramp like pain and calves due to poor circulation Claudication
Inflammation of the heart muscle Myocarditis
Abnormally slow heartbeat below 60 BPM Bradycardia
I'm normally a fast heartbeat over 100 bpm Tachycardia
Excess of fat in the blood Hyperlipidemia
90% of hypertensive patients with no single coils can be a multi functional Essential hypertension
Hypertension due to underlying disease Secondary hypertension
Acute onset of rapidly progression hypertension life-threatening diastolic over 120 BPM Malignant hypertension
Information of the inner lining of the heart /valves Endocarditis
Heart attack Myocardial infarction
Inflammation of a vein Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein due to a clot Thrombophlebitis
Congested, twisted, dilated veins due to incomplete valves Varicose vein
Weakness in a portion of the wall of a vessel Aneurysm
Hardening of the arteries, loss of elasticity due to aging Arteriosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries due to plaque for mission Atherosclerosis
Without a heartbeat, no pulse Asystole
Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, air hunger Dyspena
Insufficient oxygen in the blood Hypoxemia
Sensation of pounding heartbeat Palpitation
Mitra valve prolapse, click murmur syndrome MVP
Lack of appetite Anorexia
Inflammation of the pericardium Pericarditis
Electrocardiogram, record rate and rhythm of electrical activity in the heart EKG
Pacemaker of the heart SA node
Insufficiency decreased blood flow from the legs to the trunk of the body Venus
Varicose vein treatment SCLEROTHERAPY
Surgical joining of 2 vessels, ducts, and tubes. Anastomoses
Blood pressure persistently exceeding 140/90 Hypertension
Inflammatory disease that may develop as a delayed reaction to insufficiently treated group A Beta hemolytic streptococcal infection of upper respiratory tract Rheumatic fever
A condition that results in rapid, tremulous, quivering like a ball of gelatin and in ineffectual contraction of this chamber of the heart Ventricular fibrillation
Intermittent attacks of Vasco construction of the Arterioles is causing power of the fingers or toes Raynauds phenomenon
Condition where contractions of the order become extremely rapid rate between 250 and 350 bpm Atrial flutter
Graphic record of movement of structures of the heart by ultrasound Echocardiogram
Extremely rapid, incomplete contractions of the atria uncoordinated twitching of the atria Arterial fibrillation
CAD Coronary artery disease
HCVD Hypertensive cardiovascular
CCU Cardiac care unit
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
EKG, ECG Electrocardiogram
PTCA Per cutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
MI Myocardial infarction
BP Blood pressure
DOE Dyspena of exertion
CHF Congested heart failure
ECHO Echocardiogram
PVC's Premature ventricular contraction's
SA Sinoatrial
PDA Patent ductus arteriosclerosis
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Pumping blood to the body tissues and cells Cardiovascular system responsibilities
Center of the circulatory system Heart
Three layers of the heart Epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
Separates the right and left sides of the atria Internal septum
Separates the right and left sides of the ventricles Interventricular septum
Circulation of blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation and then back to the heart. Pulmonary circulation
Circulation of blood from the heart to all parts of the body and back to the heart. Systemic circulation
Arise from the aorta near its origin and left ventricle Coronary arteries
Supporting blood vessels Venules, veins, capillaries
Smallest veins, that collect Deoxygenated blood from the cells for transport back to the heart Venules
Thinner walls then arteries, thicker walls and capillaries, transport blood from venules to the heart Veins
Extremely thin walls single layer allow for exchange of materials between blood and tissue fluid surrounding body cells Capillaries
Pressure exerted by blood on the walls of arteries Blood pressure
Maximum pressure reach with in the ventricles the top number of a blood pressure Systolic
Minimum pressure reached with in the ventricles, The low number of a blood pressure Diastolic pressure
Fancy word for a blood pressure cuff Sphygmomanometer
Compression of the heart caused by accumulation of blood or other fluid within the pericardial sac Cardiac Tamponade
Disease of the heart muscle itself Cardiomyopathy
Adema of the lower extremities, waking, enlargement of the lever Hepato-megaly
Deep vein thrombosis DVT
Abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of fetal ductus to close after birth Patent ductus arteriosus
Congenital heart anomaly that consists of four defects Tetralogy of fallot
Tetralogy 4 defects Pulmonary stenosis, intraventricular septal defect, text trip position of the aorta, hypertrophy of the right ventricle
ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
P.E.T. Position Emission tomography
Test that measures the amount of fatty substances in a sample of blood by vina puncture Serum lipid
Combination of exercise stress test in With thallium imaging to assess changes and coronary bloodflow during exercise Thallium stress
Created by: Georgia1984