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Muscular System Term

Terminology for muscles

TermDefinition
Range of motion Change in joint position produced by muscle movement
Origin The point at which a muscle begins (proximal)
Insertion The point at which a muscle ends (distal)
-cele Hernia; protrusion of a part or structure through the tissues containing it
Adhesion A band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
Pronation Rotating arm or leg so palm or sole is turned downward or outward
Tenodesis To suture the end of a tendon to a bone
Tenolysis To free a tendon from adhesions
Visceral Another name for smooth muscles
Involuntary Another name for smooth muscles
Adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
Dorsiflexion Bends the foot upward at the ankle
Tenorrhaphy Suturing together of a divided tendon
Kinesi/o Movement
Singlultus Hiccups
Abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
Myosclerosis Abnormal hardening of muscle tissue
Nocturnal myoclonus Jerking of the limbs that occurs while a person is falling asleep
Tenoplasty Surgical repair of a tendon
-penia Deficiency
-paresis Partial paralysis
-taxia Movement
Circumduction circular motion at the far end of a limb
Supination Rotating arm of leg so that the palm or sole is turned upward or inward
Created by: mmetzler