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Chap6 Digestive Sys.

QuestionAnswer
also called gastrointestinal (GI) system. whose primary function is to breakdown foods, prepare it for absorption and eliminate waste. Digestive System
orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocytes... bilirubin
mass of masticated food ready for swallowing. bolus
type of gland that secrets its products theough excretory ducts... exocrine
circular band of muscle fibers that... sphincter
organic compound, a true fat.. triglycerides
where the process of digestion begins. also known as oral cavity. mouth
plays an important role in the initial stages of digestion by mechanically breaking down food. teeth
assist in chewing process.. tongue
rough projections on the surface of the tongue. papillae
the two structures forming the roof of mouth hard palate(anterior portion) soft palate(posterior portion)
soft fleshy, V-shaped structure uvula
two tubes: one that leads to lungs trachea
the tube that leads to stomach esophagus
a small flap of cartilage epiglottis
a saclike structure located in left upper quadrant stomach
its a coiled tube approximately 20 ft. long... small intestine
first part of small intestine. uppermost segment. approximately 10inches long. duodenum
approximately 8 ft. long jejunum
12ft. long part of small intestine. ileum
finger like projections called? villi
a sphincter muscle called? ileocecal valve
5 ft. long. begins at the end of ileum and extends to anus. large intestine
largest glandular organ in the body. weighs 3-4 pounds. located beneath diaphragm in RUQ. producing bile. removes glucose... Liver
its an elongated, somewhat flattened organ... It performa endocrine and exocrine functions. pancreas
serves as a storage area for bile. saclike structure on the inferior of liver. gallbladder
mouth or/o, stomat/o
tongue gloss/o, lingu
cheek bucc/o
lip cheil/o, labi/o
teeth dent/o, odont/o
gums gingiv/o
saliva, salivary gland sial/o
pertaining to the mouth. or/al
inflammation of the mouth. stomat/itis
excision, removal of tongue. gloss/ectomy
pertaining to tongue lingu/al
pertaining to cheek. bucc/al
surgical repair of lip. cheil/o/plasty
pertaining to lip. labi/al
specialist of teeth dent/ist
straight. orth
are dentist who specialize in correcting and preventing irregularities of abnormally aligned teeth. orth/o/dent/ist
excision, removal of gums. surgical treatment for periodontal disease. gingiv/ectomy
stone, calculus. -lith
a calculus in a salivary gland. sial/o/lith
esophagus esophag/o
instrument for examining the esophagus. esophag/o/scope
phraynx(throat) pharyng/o
tonsils tonsill
inflammation of the phraynx and tonsils. pharyng/o/tonsill/itis
pain in stomach. also called stomachache. gastr/algia
pylorus pylor/o
involuntary contraction, twitching of pylorus. occurs in pyloric sphincter of the stomach. pylor/o/spasm
duodenum duoden/o
visual examination of duedenum duoden/o/scopy
intestine( usually small intestine) enter/o
disease of intestine. typically occurs in small intestine. enter/o/pathy
jejunum jejun/o
suture of jejunum jejun/o/rrhaphy
ileum ile/o
forming an opening ileum. creates an opening on the surface of abdomen... ile/o/stomy
appendix append/o, appendic/o
excision, removal of appendix. removes a diseased appendix.. append/ectomy
colon col/o, colon/o
forming an opening colon. creates a place for fecal matter... col/o/stomy
visual examination of the colon.performed with an elongated flexible... colon/o/scopy
sigmoid colon sigmoid/o
incision of sigmoid colon. sigmoid/o/tomy
rectum rect/o
hernia, swelling of rectum. also known as proctocele. rect/o/cele
anus, rectum proct/o
specialist in study of anus, rectum. a physician who specializes in treating disorders of colon, rectum and anus. proct/o/logist
anus an/o
pertaining to around the anus. peri/an/al
liver hepat/o
enlrgement of the liver hepat/o/megaly
pancreas pancreat/o
separation;destruction; loosening of the pancreas. may be related to alcohol consumption.. pancreat/o/lysis
bile vessel cholangi/o
small, minute -ole
small, minute bile vessel. one of the fine terminal elements... cholangi/ole
bile, gall chol/e
calculus, stone of bile, gall. a stonelike mass in the gallbladder. chol/e/lith
gall bladder cholecyst/o
excision, removal of gallbladder. is performed by laparoscopic or open surgery. cholecyst/ectomy
bile duct choledoch/o
surgical repair of bile duct. choledoch/o/plasty
vomit -emesis
excessive vomitting. above normal of vomit hyper/emesis
presence or formation of gallstones in gallbladder chol/e/lith/iasis
appetite -orexia
without appetite. no appetite. an/orexia
digestion -pepsia
bad; painful; difficult -dys
also called indigestion, an epigastric discomfort felt after eating. bad;painful; difficult digestion. dys/pepsia
swallowing, eating -phagia
air aer/o
abnormal swallowing of air aer/o/phagia
meal -prandial
after, behind meal post/prandial
discharge; flow of fat steat/o/rrhea
through across dia-
discharge; flow through or across the bowel. dia/rrhea
inflammation around the tooth peri/odont/itis
pertaining to under; below of the tongue. sub/lingu/al
a circumscribed open sore on the skin or mucous membranes of body. ulcer
protrusion of any organ, tissue or structure.. hernia
a branch of medicine concerned with digestive diseases. gastroenterology
a condition in which small, blisterlike pockets.. diverticulosis
knowledge regarding tumor and cancers oncology
most common type of intestinal cancer colorectal
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity ascites
rumbling or gurgling noises.. borborygmus
physical wasting that includes loss of weight... cachexia
scaring and dysfunction of liver... cirrhosis
inflammatory bowel disease. bowel disorder crohn disease
caused by ingesting water or food... dysentery
gas in GI tract flatus
backflow of gastric contents.. GERD
foul-smelling breath. result in poor oral hygiene halitosis
swollen varicose veins hemorrhoids
vomitting of blood.. hemat/emesis
mechanical or functional blockage of the intestines... become vulnerable to ischemia. intestinal obstruction
altered bowel function irritable bowel syndrome
impaired passage of nutrients, minerals. may caused number of diseases malabsorption syndrome
dark, tarlike feces.. melena
excessive intake of food. accumulation of fat obesity
obesity, its BMI is greater than 40. a disease with serious psychological, social... morbid
sever constipation.. obstipation
formation of white spots or patches... oral leukoplakia
stricture or narrowing of pyloric sphicnter... pyloric stenosis
backward flow, as in return of solids... regurgitation
inflammatory disease of colon. characterized by profuse... ulcerative colitis
Created by: diosabel