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Surgical Instruments

Surgical Supplies and Instruments

TermDefinition
Sharp Ear Dissector -used to remove debris from the ear canal
Adson Forceps -used to grasp tissue and in suturing
Trocars And Obturators -consist of sharply pointed stylus (obturators) contained in a cannula (outer tube) -available in various sizes -used to withdraw fluids from cavities or for draining and irrigating with a catheter
Specula -most common dilator used -valves are spread apart dilating the opening -used to open or distend a body orifice or cavity
Hartmann Alligator Ear Forceps -has a 3 1/2 inch shaft and is made in a variety of styles - action of the jaws similar to that of an alligators jaw -used to remove foreign bodies or polyps
Nasal Specula -valves can be spread to facilitate viewing -applicator or snare can be introduced through the valves -used to spread the nostrils through examination
Senn Retractor -used to retract small incisions or to secure a skin edge for suturing -flat end is a blunt retractor -three pronged end may be sharp or dull
Hegar Uterine Dilators -available in sets -double or single ended -used to dilate the cervix for dilation and curretage
Hemostat Forceps -jaws may be fully or partly serrated without teeth -may be curved or straight -used to clamp small vessels or hold tissue -mosquito forceps (4 inches) -crile forceps (5 inches) -Kelly forceps (6 to 7 inches)
Toothed Tissue Forceps -manufactured in 4 to 18 inch lengths -pincher grip -used to grasp tissue, muscle, or skin surrounding a wound
Bandage Scissors -blunt probe tip -easily inserted under bandages with relative safety -used to remove bandages and dressings
Transfer Forceps -many sizes and lengths available -sterile transfer forceps may be used to arrange items on sterile tray
Towel Forceps -may have sharp or atraumatic tips -various lengths from 3 to 6 1/2 inches -used to hold drapes in place during surgery
Needle Holders -jaws are shorter and stronger than hemostat jaws -jaws may be serrated or may have a groove in the center -are 4 to 7 inches in lengths -used to grasp a suture needle firmly
Cervical Biopsy Forceps -available with or without teeth -used to obtain cervical specimens for diagnostic examination
Allis Tissue Forceps -available in different lengths and jaw widths -used to grasp tissue, muscle, or skin surrounding a wound
Adson Thumb Forceps -usual length is 4 inches -manufactured with or without teeth -used to grasp tissue and in suturing
Rectal Biopsy Punch -manufactured with interchangeable stems -available in different lengths and styles -used through a proctoscope or sigmoidoscope
Buck Ear Curette -has a stainless steel loop at the end -made with a sharp or blunt scraper ends -manufactured in various sizes -used to remove foreign matter fro the ear canal
Catheter Guide -metal guide -used with extreme caution -used by a physician when the catheter cannot be inserted by usual means
Schroeder Uterine Tenaculum Forceps -very sharp pointed tips -used to hold tissue (e.g. the cervix) while a tissue specimen is obtained o to lift the cervix to view the fornix
Foley Catheter With Inflated Balloon -manufactured in sizes 8 to 32 French with a double rubber lining toward the tip -after insertion, sterile solution is injected into the inner lining inflating to hold in the bladder -used as an indwelling catheter
12 mL Luer Lock Syringe -used for injecting amounts greater than 5 mL -typically used to inject a catheter to inflate the balloon at the tip of an indwelling catheter
Endocervical Curetter -smaller than the uterine curette -used in the same way as the uterine curette
Probes -length ranges from 4-12 inches; available with or without bulbous -may be smooth or may have a grooved retractor -used to find foreign bodies embedded in dermal tissue or muscle or to trace a wound tract
Foerster Sponge Forceps -used to hold gauze squares to sponge the surgical site
Metzenbaum scissors -most frequently used length is 5 1/4 inches -used to cut and dissect tissue
Plain Tip Tissue Forceps -manufactured in different lengths -atraumatic for tissue -used to grasp tissue, muscle, or skin surrounding a wound
Schroeder Uterine Vulsellum Forceps -use to hold tissue (e.g. the cervix) while a tissue specimen is obtained or to lift the cervix to view the fornix
Bozeman Uterine Dressing Forceps -designed to hold sponges or dressings -capable of reaching the cervix through the vagina -used to swab the area or apply medication
Placenta Forceps -used to remove tissue
Splinter Forceps -design and construction vary -fine tip for foreign object retrieval
Ivan Laryngeal Metal Applicator -holds cotton in place with its roughened end; used to swab or sponge throat or post nasal tissue -6 to 9 inches long with curved end for use in throat or postnasal areas -used to remove foreign bodies imbedded in the pharynx
Krause Nasal Snare -wire loop at the tip that can be tightened -used to remove polyps from the nares
Laryngeal Mirror -made in various sizes -may have nonfogging surface -used for examination of the larynx and postnasal area
Iris Scissors -usual length is 4 inches -curved or straight blade tips -straight tips usually are used for suture removal
Plain Thumb Dressing Forceps -manufactured in lengths from 4-12 inches -varying types of serrated jaws but no teeth -used to insert packing into or remove objects from deep cavities
Sims Uterine Sounds -used to check the patency of the cervical as for the urethral meatus
Mayo Scissors -5 to 6 inches long -used to cut and dissect fascia and muscle -straight mayo scissors can be used as suture scissors
Littauer Stitch Or Suture Scissors -blade has beak or hook to slide under sutures -4 to 5 inches long -used to remove sutures
Bayonet Forceps -manufactured in different lengths -smooth tipped -used to insert packing into or remove objects from the nose and ear
Disposable Scalpels -handles: No.3 is the standard handle; No.3L and No.7 are used in deeper cavities -blades: No.15 is commonly used; No.10, 11, and 12 are used for specialty incisions
Long Allis Forceps -same as allis forceps -used in deeper body cavities
Sims Uterine Curette -available in several sizes -hollow and spoon shaped; used for scraping -used to remove polyps, secretions, and bits of placental tissue
Silverman Biopsy Needle -manufactured with a split cannula -stylus is removed, and cannula is inserted to retrieve the specimen -needle biopsy can eliminate the need for surgical incision
Metal Tongue Depressor -used to depress the tongue for oral examinations
Foerster Sponge Forceps -round and serrated tips -used in the same way as the dressing forceps
Red Robinson Catheter -soft rubber urethral catheter in sizes 8-32 french -inserted temporarily into the bladder for drainage or to obtain a specimen
Created by: ItsRainbowBre