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Middle Ages Vocab

TermDefinition
Feudalism A social system in medieval Europe in which land/crops were offered in exchange for military protection. System originated from lawlessness during Dark Ages after the Fall of Rome and bc of weak central.
"Caste" System Middle Ages had a rigid class structure with the king on top, nobility, knight, peasants, and finally serfs.
Nobels Landed gentry such as Dukes and Barons that were given manors in exchange for providing protection in the form of castles and knights back to the king.
Knights Part of the warrior class that exchanged protection services for payment, shelter, and food.
Peasants The lower class that worked the land for the Nobles and a give portion of their crops to the Noble in exchange for protection.
Serfs The lowest labor class that works on the manor in exchange for protection. This group actually conveys with the manor which severely restricted their freedoms.
Manor The castle and the surrounding lands.
Magna Carta Document signed in 1215 that limits the right of the English monarch.
Black Death/ Black Plague The bubonic plague that originated in China and was carried by fleas on rats to Europe where it killed 1/4-1/2 of the population.
Medieval Describes the period of the Middle Ages from 500-1200 AD in Europe.
Charlemagne The best known Frankish king over the Holy Roman Empire. Known for his stance on Education.
Vikings Germanic people from Scandinavia who often raided western Europe on longships during the AD 800s and 900s due to a growing population and poor farmland.
Monastery A building where religious Monks lived and worked. Convent is the female version for Nuns.
Crusades A series of Christian military expeditions from 11th-13th centuries to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.
Sacred religious
Secular not religious
Page The first step of knighthood, about age 7.
Squire The second stage of knighthood about age 14.
Chivalry A code of behavior for a knight including fairness and respect for women.
Created by: AlexisF05