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MA 509-cardio

Ch.11 Language of Medicine

QuestionAnswer
valve between left atrium and left ventricle mitrial valve
valve located between right atrium and right ventricle tricupid valve
second largest vein, returns blood to the right atrium of the hear from upper half of body superior vena cava
propels blood throught aortic valve into aorta. one of tow lower chambers of the heart. left ventricle
thin-walled upper chamber of the heart that recieves oxygen-poor blood from the vena cava right artium
valve located between right atrium and right ventricle. tricuspid valve
lower right chamber of heart right ventricle
blood vessel carring oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs pulmonary artery
one of two paire of vessels carring oxygenated blood from the lungs to the lft atrium of the heart. pulmonary vein
oxgenated blood enter the heart from the pulmonary veins;contracts to force blood throught mitral valve left atrium
pretaining to unknown cause of diease idiopathic
instrument to measure BP spygmomanometer
smallest blood vessel capillary
affording free passage;being open and unobstruted patent
incision of a vein for the removal of lood phlebotomy
compact verson of a electrocrdiograph is worn during a 24 hour period to detct cardiac arrhythmias holter monitor
drug that increases the strength and regularity of the hearbeat. treas arrhythmias digoxin
swollen, twisted varicose veins in the rectal region hemorrhoid
blood clot that is carried by the bloodstream from one area of the body to another where it blocks a blood vessel embolus
chemicls measure i the blood as evidence of a heart attack serum enzymes
congenital malformation of heart, four separate defects of the heart occurring at birth tetralogy of Fallot
small artery arteriole
condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue ischemia
deep vien thrombosis- blood clot forms in a large vein, usually in a lower limb DVT
relaxtion phase of the heartbeat distole
random, rapid, inefficient, irregular contractions of the artia on ventricles. fibrillation
relating to, being the coronary arteries or viens of the heart coronary
widening of a blood vessel; vasodilation
echoes generated by high frequency sound waves produce images of heart;echocardiography ECHO
snall pin-point hemorrhages under the skin petechiae
inflammation of the vein phlebitis
sac surrounding the heart pericaradium
contraction phase of the heartbeat systole
pain in the chest resulting from myocardial ischemia angina
abnormal conditon of bluness of skin, caused by decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the blood cyanosis
disease of the heart muscle cardiomyopathy
specialize muscle fibers connecting the artia with the ventricles and transmitting electrical impulses between them bundle of HIS (atrioventricular bundle)
sensitive nervous tissue in the wall of the right atrium;pacemaker of the heart sinoatrial node (SA)
specialized tissure in the all between the atria, electrical impulsed pass from a pacemaker (SA node) through the AV node and the atrioventricular bundle of HIS toward the ventricles stioventricular node(AV)
largest artey in the body aorta
weakening of an arterial wall, wich may lead to hemorrhage and cerebrovaslular accident (strok) aneurysm
Created by: Jasradrk