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Pharmacology

Classifications of Drugs

TermDefinition
Analgesic Relieves pain without causing loss of consciousnes
Anesthetic Produces numbness
Antacid Neutralizes acid
Antianxiety Relieves anxiety
Antiarrhythmic Controls cardiac arrhythmias
Antibiotic Destructive to growth of microorganisms
Anticholesterol/Antihyperlipidemic Reduces cholesterol
Anticholinergic Blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses
Anticoagulant Prevents or delays blood clotting
Anticonvulsant Relieves or prevents symptoms of depression
Antidiarrheal Prevents or relieves diarrhea
Antidote Counteracts poisons and their effects
Antiemetic Prevents and relieves nausea and vomiting
Antihistamine Counteracts histamine (allergic reactions)
Antihypertensive Prevents or controls high blood pressure.
Anti inflammatory Counteracts inflammation
Antimanic Treatment of the manic episode of manic depressive disorder
Antineoplastic Kills or destroys malignant cells
Antipsychotic Helps in schizophrenia and chronic brain syndrome
Antipyretic Reduces fever
Antitussive Prevents or relieves cough
Antiulcer Relieves or heals ulcers by blocking hydrochloric acid
Antiviral Fights against a specific virus
Bronchodilator Dilates the bronchi
Contraceptive Any device or method to prevent conception
COX-2 inhibitor An agents that inhabits COX-2 found in joints or other body parts that are inflamed
Decongestant Reduces nasal congestion or swelling
Diuretic Increases the excretion of urine
Expectorant Removal of secretion from the broncopulmonary muccous membrane
Hemostatic Controls or stops bleeding
Hypnotic Produces sleep or hypnosis
Hypoglycemic Reduces blood glucose level
Laxative Loosens and promotes normal bowel elimination
Muscle Relaxant Produces relaxation of skeletal muscle
Nonsteriodal-antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) Relieves mild to moderate pain due to headache,toothache, dysmenorrhea, backache
Proton-pump inhibitor Suppresses gastric acid ulcers
Sedative Produces a calming effect without causing sleep
Tranquilizer Reduces mental tension and anxiety
Vasodilator Produces relaxation of blood vessels; reduces blood pressure
Vasopressor Reduces contraction of muscles of capillaries and arteries; increases blood pressure.
Created by: Nachure18