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Endo Reverse Defs

TermDefinition
A common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood, either in too much or too little quantities
A condition of being abnormally small; may be hereditary or an endocrine dysfunction
A condition of eating abnormally large amounts of food
A glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex
Abnormal amount of glucose in the urine
Abnormal condition of poisoning of the thyroid gland
Abnormal increase in the volume of blood plasma in the body
Abnormal overgrowth of the entire body caused by hypersecretion of pituitary growth hormone before puberty
Abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Administration of radioactive iodine in pill or liquid form is used as a tracer to test how quickly the thyroid gland takes up iodine from the blood
Adrenaline- produced in the adrenal medulla. Increases heart rate, fat metabolism for energy and dilates the bronchial tubes
Agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous systems
An acute stage of diabetes mellitus characterized by hypotension and eventually, coma
An organ that contains groups of cells called the islets of Langerhans which produce endocrine secretions, such as insulin and glucagon
Blood tests to aid in the diagnosis of insulin deficiency
Body mass index of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight
Chronic disorder of the adrenal glands caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones
Clusters of cells in the pancreas which produce insulin and glucagon
Condition in which the calcium level in the blood is higher than normal
Condition in which the potassium level in the blood is higher than normal
Crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of increased amount of thyroid crisis or thyrotoxic crisis
Diagnostic test in which insulin is injected into the vein to assess pituitary function, adrenal function, and to determine insulin sensitivity
Disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex, resulting in excessive production of steroids
Endoscopic procedure to surgically remove a pituitary tumour through an incision in the sphenoid sinus without disturbing brain tissue
Excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight
Excessive amount of insulin in the blood- insulin shock
Excessive amount of sugar in the blood
Excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women
Excessive secretion
Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to control hyperthyroidism
Excision of the thymus gland
Excision of the entire thyroid gland, a part of it, or a single lobe
Extreme depletion of potassium in the blood usually lost in diuresis
Formation of glucose from glycogen
Four separate glands that are located on the posterior surface of the lobes of the thyroid gland
Glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood stream
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that that stimulates the liver to change stored glycogen to glucose
Hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body cells to use glucose for energy or store it in the liver as glycogen
Hormones in the adrenal cortex that regulate water and mineral salts in the body
Human growth hormone found in the anterior pituitary lobe
Hypophysis; pea-shaped gland that is located at the base of the brain
Images of the thyroid gland are obtained after oral or intravenous administration of a small dose of radioactive iodine
Imaging technique that rotates an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measures the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles
Inadequate secretion
Increase skeletal growth in children and growth hormone deficiencies in adults
Increased formation and secretion of urine
Inner section of the adrenal gland that which secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
Lack of development
Largest gland on the endocrine system
Located in the neck, just below the larnyx
Lower blood glucose by promoting its entrance into body cells and converting glucose to glycogen
Lower than normal level of sodium in the blood
Masculinization or development of male secondary sex characteristics in a woman
Measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as seen in Graves disease
Medications used to stimulate the pancreas secrete insulin
Method of choice for removing a fibrous, nodular thyroid
Mineral salts that carry an electrical charge in solution
Multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by pronounced hyperthyroidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos
Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images
Noradrenalin; produced in the adrenal medulla. Increases blood pressure and constricts vessels
One of the two major hormones produced by the thyroid. Regulates metabolism and energy levels
One of the two major hormones produced, stored and released by the thyroid gland
Outer section of the adrenal gland which secretes steroids
Pine-cone shaped gland that is attached to the posterior part of the third ventricle of the brain
Processes in which substances are broken down or built up during chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life
Protrusion of eyes due to swelling in tissues; often associated with Grave's disease
Created by: Jessica Longboat