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HC 101 Special Sense

Special Senses

TermDefinition
Acous/o hearing
Adnexa conjoined, subordinate, or associated anatomic parts.
Ambly/o dull, dim
Amblyopia dimness of sight especially in one eye without apparent change in the eye structures.
Amentropia an abnormal refractive eye condition (as myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatis) in which images fail to focus upon the retina.
Anacusis total absence of hearing
Aque/o water
Astigmatism a defect of an optical system (as in lens) causing rays from a point to fail to meet in a focal point resulting in a blurred and imperfect image.
Audi/o hearing
Audiomentry the testing and measurement of hearing acuity for variations in sound intensity and pitch and for tonal purity.
Audit/o hearing
Aur/o ear
Blast/o immature, embryonic
Biephar/o eyelid
Cataract a clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membrane that obstructs the passage of light.
Chalazion a small circumscribed tumor of the eyelid formed by retention of secretions of the meibomian gland and sometimes accompanied by inflammation.
Cochlear Implant electrical prosthetic device that enables individuals with sensorineural hearing loss to recognize some sounds and that consists of an external microphone an speech processor that receive and convert sound waves into electrical signals
Conjunctvitis inflammation of the conjunctiva that is typically marked by pinkness or redness of the sclera and by itching, burning, irritation, discharge, or excessive tearing of the eye and is typically caused by pathogenic microorganisms, allergens, or irritants.
Cusis suffix for hearing.
Diplopia a disorder of vision in which two images of a single object are seen (as from unequal action of the eye muscles).
Ectropion an abnormal turning out of a part (as in eyelid)
Emmetr/o correct, proper
Emmetropia the normal refractive condition of the eye in which with accommodation relaxed parallel rays of light are all brought accurately to a focus upon the retina.
Enculeation surgical removal of eyeball
Esotropia strabismus in which the eye turns inward toward the nose.
Exotropia strabismus in which the eye turns outward away from the nose.
Glaucoma a disease of the eye marked by increased pressure within they eyeball that can result in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision.
Hermianopia blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes.
Hyperopia a condition in which visual images come to a focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant than for near objects.
Iridectomy the surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye.
Iritis inflammation of the iris of the eye.
Keratitis inflammation of the cornea of the eye characterized by burning or smarting, blurring of vision, and sensitiveness to light and caused by infectious or noninfectious agents.
Labyrinth the inner ear or its bony or membranous part.
Labyrinthectomy surgical removal of the labyrinth of the ear.
Mastoidectomy surgical removal of the mastoid cells or of the mastoid process of the temporal bone.
Media substances regarded as the means of transmission of a force or effect.
Mydr/i widening
Mydriasis excessive or prolonged dilation of the pupil of the eye.
Myopia condition in which the visual images come to a focus in front of the retina of the eye because of defects in the refractive media of the eye or of abnormal length of the eyeball resulting especially in defective vision of distant objects.
Myringotomy incision of the tympanic membrane.
Nyctal/o night
Nyctalopia night blindness.
Ophthalmoscopy examination of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.
Optometrist a specialist licensed to practice optometry.
Ot/o ear
Otia suffix ear condition.
Otomycosis fungal infection of the ear.
Otopyorrhea discharge pus form the ear.
Otorrhea a discharge from the external ear.
Otoscierosis growth of spongy bone in the inner ear where it gradually obstructs the oval window or round window or both and causes progresively increasing deafness.
Otoscope instrument to view inside the ear canal.
Papilledema swelling and protrusion of the blind spot of the eye caused by edema.
Photophobia an abnormal fear of light.
Presbycusis a lessening of hearing acuteness resulting from degenerative changes in the ear that occur especially in old age.
Presbyopia a visual condition which becomes apparent especially in middle age and in which loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye causes defective accommodation and inability to focus sharply for near vision.
Ptosis a drooping of the upper eyelid (as from paralysis of the oculomotor nerve).
Radial Keratotomy a surgical operation on the cornea for the correction of myopia that involves flattening the cornea by making a series of incisions in a radial pattern resembling the spokes of a wheel.
Retinopexy surgical fixation of the retina.
Scleritis inflammation of the sclera.
Sclerotomy to cut into the sclera.
Stapedectomy surgical removal of prosthetic replacement of part or all of the stapes to relieve deafness.
Strabismus inability of one eye to attain binocular vision with the other because of imbalance of the muscles of the eyeball.
Strabotomy incision into the eye muscles.
Tarsorrhaphy the operation of suturing the eyelids together entirely or in part.
Tinnitus ringing in the ears.
Tonometry measuring tension or pressure and especially intraocular pressure.
Tropia suffix for turned condition.
Vertigo sensation of motion which is associated with various disorders (as of the inner ear) and in which the individual of the individual's surroundings seem to whirl dizzily.
Vitrectomy surgical removal of all or part of the vitreous body.
Xerophthalmia a dry thickened lusterless condition of the eyeball resulting especially from a severe systemic deficiency of vitamin A.
Created by: Bechristman