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HC 101 Nervous Sys

Nervous System

TermDefinition
Acrophobia fear of heights.
Afferent Neurons sensory neurons.
Alges/o sense of pain.
ALS Amyotropic Lateral Scierosis
Anestetic agent capable of producing a loss of sensation and usually of consciousness without loss of vital functions artificially produced.
Anesthetist one trained to administer anesthetics.
Anxiety Disorders any of various disorders (as panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, a phobia, or generalized anxiety disorder) in which anxiety is a predominant feature.
Astr/o star
Ataxia lack of muscle coordination.
Autism developmental disorder appears by age 3 and is variable in expression. Recognized and diagnosed by impairment of the ability to for normal social relationships, by impairment of the ability to communicate with others, and by stereotyped behavior pattern
Causalgia a constant usually burning pain that results from injury to a peripheral nerve and is often considered a type of complex regional pain syndrome.
Cephal/o head
Cephalagia headache
Clastophobia abnormal dread of being in closed or narrow spaces.
Cognition a conscious intellectual act.
Coma a state of profound unconsciousness caused by disease, injury, or poison
Concussion condition resulting from the stunning, damaging, or shattering effects of a hard blow.
CVA Cerebravascular Accident
Delirium a mental disturbance characterized by confusion, disordered speech, and hallucinations.
Delusion a false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts and occurs in some psychotic states.
Dementia a usually progressive condition (as Alzheimer's disease) marked by the development of multiple cognitive deficits (as memory impairment, aphasia, and inability to plan and initiate complex behavior).
Dura Matter the thin hard layer of bone that lines the socket of a tooth and that appears as a dense white line in radiology.
Dyslexia variable often familial learning disability that involves difficulties in acquiring and processing language and that is typically manifested by a lack of proficiency in reading, spelling, and writing.
Echoencephalography the use of ultrasound to examine and measure internal structures (as the ventricles) of the skull and to diagnose abnormalities and disease.
EEG Electroencephalography
Efferent neurons motor neurons.
Encephalitis inflammation of the brain that is caused especially by infection with a virus( such as herpes simplex, varicella zoster, or West Nile virus) or less commonly by bacterial or fungal infection or autoimmune reaction.
Epidural Anesthesia anesthesia produced by injection of a local anesthetic into the peridural space of the spinal cord beneath the ligamentum flavum.
Epilepsy any of various disorders marked by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain and typically manifested by sudden brief episodes of altered or diminished consciousness, involuntary movements, or convulsions.
Esthes/o sensation, feeling
Hallucination perception of something (visual image or sound) with no external cause usually arising from a disorder of the nervous system (as in delirium tremens or in functional psychosis without known neurological disease) orin response to drugs (as LSD).
Hemorrhagic Stroke stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in or on the surface of the brain with bleeding into the surrounding tissue.
Hydrocephalus unusual or pathological sensitivity of the skin or of a particular sense to stimulation.
Hypochondriasis morbid concern about one's health especially when accompanied by delusions of physical disease.
Ischemic Stroke stroke caused by the narrowing or blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain.
Iaminectomy removal of a portion of a vertebra.
Lethargy abnormal drowsiness.
Meninges any of the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord and include the arachonoid, dura mater, and pia mater.
Meninges the connective tissue membrane which covers the brain and spinal cord.
Meningitis inflammation of the meninges and especially of the pia mater and the arachnoid.
Meningocele a protrusion of meninges through a defect in the skull or pinal column (as in spina bifida) forming a cyst filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
Multiple Sclerosis demyelinating disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated especially with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor.
Myel/o spinal cord.
Myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord or of the bone marrow.
Myelogram x-ray record of the spinal cord.
Myelography radiographic visualization of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium in to the spinal subarachnoid space.
Narcolepsy a condition characterized by brief attacks of deep sleep often occurring with cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucinations.
Neuorrhaphy suture a nerve back together.
Neuralgia nerve pain.
Neurectomy surgical removal of a nerve.
Neuroma Nerve tumor
Neuroplasty surgical repair of a nerve.
Neurotransmitters a substance (as norepinephrine or acetylcholine) that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent obsessions or compulsions or both that cause significant distress, are time-consuming or interfere with normal daily functioning, and are recognized by the individual affected as excessive or unreasonable.
Panic Attack episode of intense fear or apprehension that is of sudden onset and may occur for no apparent reason or as a reaction to an identifiable triggering stimulus (as a stressful event).
Paresis suffix for weakness.
Paresthesia sensation of pricking, tingling, or creeping on the skin having no objective cause and usually associated with injury or irritation of a sensory nerve or nerve root.
Peripheral Neuropathy disease or degeneration state (as polyneuropathy) of the peripheral nerves in which motor, sensory, or vasomotor nerve fibers may be affected and which is marked by muscle weakness and atrophy, pain, and numbness.
Plegia suffix for paralysis
Poli/o gray matter
Poliomyelitis an infectious disease especially of young children that is caused by the polio virus.
PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Schizophrenia mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought, perception, and behavior.
Sciatica pain along the course of a sciatic nerve especially in the back of the thigh caused by compression, inflammation, or reflex mechanism.
Seizure physical manifestation (as convulsions, sensory disturbances, or loss of consciousness) resulting from abnormal electrical discharge in the brain (as in epilepsy).
Shaken Baby Syndrome one or more of a group of symptoms (limb paralysis, epilepsy, vision loss, or mental retardation) that tend to occur in an infant which has been severely shaken but that may also result from other actions causing internal trauma especially to the brain.
Syncope loss of consciousness resulting from insufficient blood flow to the brain.
Thec/o sheath
Trigeminal Neuralgia an intense paroxysmal neuralgia involving one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve.
Created by: Bechristman