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pulmonology

physiology, anatomy, diseases

QuestionAnswer
consists of right and left lungs and air passage ways that connect the lungs to the outside of the body respiratory system
in the head and neck. includes the nose nasal cavity and pharynx upper respiratory system
includes the larynx and trachea. in the neck, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli in the lungs lower respiratory system
to bring oxygen in the body and expel carbon dioxide (waste) purpose of the respiratory system
pertaining to -atory
contains the nasal cavity nose
a wall of cartilage and bone nasal septum
one side of the cavity are 3 long bony projections superior, middle and inferior
lined with mucosa nasal cavity
warms and humidifies the air and produces mucus mucus membranes
dividing wall; septum sept/o-
scroll like structure; turbinate turbin/o-
mucous membrane mucos/o-
mucus muc/o-
posteriorly the nasal cavities merges with the pharynx
the area of the throat that is posterior to the nasal cavity nasopharynx
the area of the throat that is posterior to the oral cavity oropharynx
posterior to the larynx laryngopharynx
inferior end divides into 2 parts larynx
leads to the trachea larynx
leads to the stomach esophagus
a lid like structure seals off the opening so that swallowed food goes into the esophagus epiglottis
below the vocal cords the larynx merges into the trachea
flexible and can flatten trachea
or/o- mouth
glott/o- glottis of the larynx
the central opening n the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles through which air passes lumen
refers to the bronchi and the lungs bronchopulmonary
small hairs in the nose cilia
spongy air filled structures lungs
large divisions whose dividing lines are visible on the outer surface of the lung lobes
is larger and has how many lobes right and 3
the 3 lobes of the right lung upper, middle, lower
has only 2 lobes left lung
the 2 lobes of the left lung are called upper and lower
the rounded top of each lung apex
an indentation on the medial surface of the lung hilum
a hollow sphere of cells that expands and contracts with each breath alveolus
the funtional part of the lungs parenchyma
a protein fat compound that reduces surface tension surfactant
bony cage that consists of the sternum thorax
irregulary shaped area that contains the trachea mediastinum
sheet of skeletal muscle, lie along the inferior border diaphragm
double layered serous membrane pleura
the layer next to the lungs surfaace visceral pleura
the layer next to the wall of the thoracic cavity parietal pleura
slippery, watery fluid that allows the 2 layers to the side smoothly pass each other pleural fluid
consists of breathing in and out respirations
the brain regulate the depth and rate of repiration respiratory control centers
having normal depth and rate of repirations eupnea
movement of air in and out the lungs ventilation
movement of oxygen from inhaled air into the alveoli and then into the blood external respiration
transport of oxygen and carbon dioxidde in the blood gas transport
movement of oxygen from the blood into the cells internal respirations
oxygen is used by the cell to produce energy in the process of metabolism cellular respiration
large internal organs viscer/o-
wall of a cavity pariet/o-
lung membrane pleur/o-
pector/o- steth/o- chest
capn/o- carbon dioxide
pne/o- breathing
hal/o- breath
metabol/o- change; tranformation
ox/y- oxygen
gen/o- arising from; produced by
glob/o- comprehensive; shaped like a globe
ventil/o- movement of air
cellul/o- cell
infect/o- disease within
ectasis condition of dilation
atel/o- incomplete
chron/o- time
obstruct/o- blocked by a barrier
em- in
phys/o- distend; grow; inflate
-ema condition
abbreviation for upper respiratory infection URI
bacterial or viral infection of the nose and or throat. upper respiratory infection
hyper reactivity of the bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm. asthma
prolonged extremely severe life threatening asthma attack status asthmacticus
acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the bronchi bronchitis
chronic permanent enlargement and loss of elasticity bronchiectasis
normal ispiration sounds like a soft wind rushing through a tunnel abnormal breath sounds
a severe infection, extensive burns, or injury to the lungs adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
incomplete expansion or collapse of part or all of a drug that blocks the bronchus atelectasis
combo of chronic bronchitis and emphysema chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
hereditary, eventually fatal disease caused by a recessive gene cystic fibrosis
localized collection of purulent material in the thoracic cavity from an infection in the lungs empyema
acute viral infection of the upper and lower respiratory system influenza
severe sometimes fatal bacteria infection legionnaires disease
cancerous tumor of the lungs that is more common in smokers lung cancer
constant exposure to inhaled particules occupational lung disease
coal miners lung or black lung anthracosis
caused by abestos fibers asbestosis
infection of some or all the lobes of the lungs pneumonia
caused by foreign matter that is inhaled into the lungs aspiration pnuemonia
caused by bacteria bacterial pnuemonia
affects the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli in the lung broncho pnuemonia
in both lungs double pnuemonia
bladder cyst/o-
fiber fibr/o-
cancer cancer/o-
cancer; intentionally causing harm malign/o-
gland aden/o-
coal anthrac/o-
dust coni/o-
lobe of an organ lob/o-
spherical bacterium cocc/o-
virus vir/o-
embolus; occluding plug embol/o-
tuberculosis tubercul/o-
nodule tuber/o-
pouring out effus/o-
breathing -pnea pne/o-
chest pector/o-
condition of coughing up -ptysis
sudden sharp attack paroxysm/o-
straight orth/o-
fast tachy
around circum-
carbon dioxide capn/o-
condition of the blood -emia
sleep somn/o-
radiation, xray radi/o-
cut; layer; slice tom/o-
movement of air ventil/o-
through; throughout per-
listening auscult/o-
tapping percuss/o-
raise up again resuscit/o-
tube tub/o-
person who does -ator
cut out; remove resect/o-
procedure to puncture -centesis
cough tuss/o-
cortex; outer region cortic/o-
affects part or all or just one lobe of the lung lobar pnuemonia
acute caused by bacterium streptococcus pneumococcal pnuemonia
severe pnuemonia caused by the fungus pnuemocystis jiroveci pneumocystis jiroveci pnuemonia
fluid collects in the alveoli pulmonary edema
blockage of a pulmonary artery pulmonary embolism
acute viral respiratory illness that can be fatal severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
lung infection caused by the bacterium mycobacterium , spread by airborne droplet and coughing tuberculosis
presence of blood in the thoracic cavity usually from tramua hemothorax
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
inflammation or infection of the pleura due to pnuemonia trauma or a tumor pleurisy
large volume of air in he pleural space pnuemothorax
breif or prolonged absence of spontaneous respirations due to respiratory failure or arrest -apnea
abnormally slow rate of breathing bradyapnea
difficult labored painful respirations due to lung disease dyspnea
need to be proped up to sleep orthopnea
abnormally rapid rate of breathing tachypnea
complete lack of oxygen in the aterial blood and body tissues anoxia
bluish-gray discolortion of the skin cyanosis
very high level of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood hypercapnia
very low level of oxygen in the arterial blood hypoxema
blood test to measure partial pressure and gases and co2 in arterial blood arterial blood gases
blood test to measure level of carbon monoxide in the blood carboxyhemoglobin
to measure degree of oxygen oximetry
procedure to measure capacity of the lungs and the volume of air during inhale and exhale pulmonary function test
to breath in is called inhale and inspiration
to breath out is called exhale and expiration
to see if have sleep apnea and whats casuing it sleep study
test to identify which bacterium is causing a pulmonary infection sputum culture and sensitivity
test to detemine if paitent has been exposed to be tuberculosis test
radiologic procedure that uses xrays to create image of the lungs chest radiography
radiologic procedures that scan a narrow slice of tissue cat, ct, mri
nuclear medicine procedure that uses inhaled radioactive gas to show air flow in the lungs lung scan
uses a stethoscope to listen to breath sounds auscultstion and percussion
to ventilate the lungs and circulate the blood if patient has quit breathing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
an endotracheal tube is inserted endotracheal intubation
medical device to encourage patients to breatj deeply to prevent atelectasis incentive spirometry
procedure to provide additional oxygen to patients with pulmonary disease oxygen therapy
procedure that uses a lighted bronchoscope inserted through the mouth and larynx to examine the trachea and bronchi bronchoscopy
insert a plastic tube between the ribs and into the thoracic cavity to remove accumulated air, fluid , pus or blood chest tube insertion
procedure to remove part or all of a lung lung resection
uses a needle and a vaccum container to remove pleural fluid frm the pleural space thoracentesis
incision into the thoracic cavity thoracotomy
begins with an incision into the trachea to create an opening tracheostomy
treats respiratory infections caused by bacteria. not useful against viral antibiotic drugs
treat tuberculosis antitubercular drugs
supress the cough center in the brain used to treat chronic bronchitis and nonproductive coughs some contain narcotics antitussive drugs
prevent and treat influenza virus antiviral drugs
dilate constricted airways be relaxing the smooth muscles that surround the bronchioles bronchodilator drugs
block the immune system from causing inflammation in the lung corticosteroid drugs
reduce the thickness of sputum so that it can be coughed up expectorant drugs
block leukotriene which causes inflammation and edema leukotriene receptor blocker
stabilize moast cells and prevent them from releasing histamine that causes bronchospasm during an allergic reaction mast cell stabilizer drugs
bind to nicotine receptors and prevent them from bring activated by nicotine from smoking stop smoking drugs
Created by: arodeheaver29