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SC 2110 Chp 8

Female Reproductive System Combing forms and more

Coming form, Suffix, & PrefixMeaningTerminology
amni/o amnion amniocentesis-- amniotic fluid--Produced by fetal membranes and the fetus.
bartholin/o Bartholin gland bartholinitis--A Bartholin cyst is a fluid-filled sac caused by blockage of a duct from the Bartholin gland. If bacterial infection occurs, an abscess may form.
cervic/o cervix, neck endocervicitis --
chori/o, chorion/o chorion chorionic--
colp/o vagina colposcopy--
culd/o cul-de-sac culdocentesis--A needle is placed through the posterior wall of the vagina and fluid is withdrawn for diagnostic purposes.
episi/o vulva episiotomy--An incision through the skin of the perineum enlarges the vaginal orifice for delivery. The incision is repaired by perineorrhaphy.
galact/o milk galactorrhea--Abnormal, persistent discharge of milk, commonly seen with pituitary gland tumors.
gynec/o woman, female gynecomastia--Enlargement of breasts in a male. It often occurs with puberty or aging, or the condition can be drug-related.
hyster/o uterus, womb hysterectomy--Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) is removal of the entire uterus (including the cervix) through an abdominal incision.
hyster/o continued... uterus, womb Vaginal hysterectomy (VH) is removal through the vagina. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy is a partial hysterectomy that preserves the cervix.
hyster/o continued... uterus, womb hysteroscopy--A gynecologist uses an endoscope (passed through the vagina and cervix) to view the uterine cavity.
lact/o milk lactation--The normal secretion of milk.
mamm/o breast inframammary--Infra- means below mammoplasty--Includes reduction and augmentation (enlargement) operations.
mast/o breast mastitis--Usually caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal infection. mastectomy--Mastectomy procedures are discussed under carcinoma of the breast
men/o menses, menstruation amenorrhea--Absence of menses for 6 months or 4 more than 3 of the patient ’ s normal menstrual cycles. dysmenorrhea-- oligomenorrhea--Infrequent menstrual periods or scanty menses.
men/o continued... menses, menstruation menorrhagia--Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods. Fibroids are leading cause of menorrhagia.
metr/o, metri/o uterus metrorrhagia--Bleeding between menses. Possible causes of metrorrhagia include ectopic pregnancy, cervical polyps, and ovarian and uterine tumors. menometrorrhagia--Excessive uterine bleeding during and between menstrual periods.
my/o, myom/o muscle, muscle tumor myometrium-- myomectomy--Removal of fibroids (myomas) from the uterus.
nat/i birth neonatal--
obstetr/o pregnancy and childbirth obstetrics--From the Latin obstetrix, midwife.
o/o egg oogenesis-- oocyte--Immature ovum.
oophor/o ovary oophorectomy--Oophor/o means to bear (phor/o) eggs (o/o). In a bilateral oophorectomy, both ovaries are removed.
ov/o egg ovum--Mature egg cell
ovari/o ovary ovarian--
ovul/o egg anovulatory--
perine/o perineum perineorrhaphy--
phor/o to bear oophoritis--
salping/o fallopian tubes salpingectomy--
uter/o uterus uterine prolapse--
vagin/o vagina vaginal orifice--An orifice is an opening. vaginitis--Bacteria and yeasts (usually Candida ) commonly cause this infection. Use of antibiotic therapy may cause loss of normal vaginal bacteria, resulting in an environment allowing yeast to grow.
vulv/o vulva vulvovaginitis-- vulvodynia--Chronic pain (with no identifi able cause) that affects the vulvar area (labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening).
SUFFIXES
-arche beginning menarche--
-cyesis pregnancy pseudocyesis--Pseudo- means false. No pregnancy exists, but physical changes such as weight gain and amenorrhea occur
-gravida pregnant primigravida--A woman during her first pregnancy (primi- means first). Gravida also is used to designate a pregnant woman, often followed by a number to indicate the number of pregnancies (gravida 1, 2, 3).
-parous bearing, bringing forth primiparous--An adjective describing a woman who has given birth to at least one child. Para also is used as a noun, often followed by a number to indicate the number of deliveries after the 20th week of gestation (para 1, para 2, para 3).
-rrhea discharge leukorrhea--This vaginal discharge is normal or becomes more yellow (purulent or pus-containing) as a sign of infection. menorrhea--
-salpinx fallopian (uterine) tube pyosalpinx--
-tocia labor, birth dystocia-- oxytocia--Oxy- means sharp or quick. The pituitary gland releases oxytocin, which stimulates the pregnant uterus to contract (labor begins). It also stimulates milk secretion from mammary glands.
-version act of turning cephalic version--The fetus turns so that the head is the body part closest to the cervix (version can occur spontaneously or can be performed by the obstetrician).
-version continued... act of turning Fetal presentation is the manner in which the fetus appears to the examiner during delivery. A breech presentation is buttocks fi rst, or feet first in a footling breech; a cephalic presentation is head first.
PREFIXES
dys- painful dys pareunia--(d ĭ s-p ă -ROO-n ē - ă .) Pareunia means sexual intercourse
endo- within endometritis--Usually caused by a bacterial infection.
in- in involution of the uterus--Vol- means to roll. The uterus returns to its normal nonpregnant size.
intra- within intrauterine device-
multi- many multipara-- multigravida--A woman who has been pregnant more than once.
nulli- no, not, none nulligravida-- nullipara--
pre- before prenatal--
primi- first primipara--
retro- backward retroversion--The uterus is abnormally tilted backward. This occurs in 30% of women.
Created by: timelissa71511