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A/P Chap. 1

Intro. to the Human Body

QuestionAnswer
Define the term Anatomy? Anatomy is the study of structures of the body
Define the term Physiology? Physiology describe how the body works
List the levels of organization of the human body? atom, cells, tissue, organs, organ system, human organism
Describe the 11 major organ system? 1 of 11 1. Integumentary sys. (consist of the skin, hair, and nails)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 2 of 11 2. Skeletal sys. (basic frame work of the body)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 3 of 11 3. Muscular sys. (muscles attach to the bones and are responsible for movement of skeleton and body posture)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 4 of 11 4. Nervous sys. ( consist of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 5 of 11 5. Endocrine sys. (Hormones)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 6 of 11 6. Circulatory sys. ( heart and blood vessels pump and transport blood throughout the body)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 7 of 11 7. Lymphatic sys. ( Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, and lymph)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 8 of 11 8. Respiratory sys. (consist of the lungs)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 9 of 11 9. Digestive sys. ( breakdown of food)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 10 of 11 10. Urinary sys. (excrete waste products)
Describe the 11 major organ system? 11 of 11 11. Reproductive sys. (Reproduce)
Define homeostasis. Homeostasis is the body able to main a stable environment
Define homeostasis imbalance. Homeostasis imbalance is therefore associated with various disorders.
Describe the anatomical position. Anatomical position: the body is standing erect, with the face forward, the arms at the sides, and the toes and palms of the hand directed forward.
List common terms used for relative positions of the body. 1 of 6 (Superior and Inferior) Superior: above (ex. top of head) Inferior: below (ex. feet)
List common terms used for relative positions of the body. 2 of 6 (Anterior and posterior) Anterior: front aka ventral (ex. belly) Posterior: back aka dorsal (ex. spinal cord)
List common terms used for relative positions of the body. 3 of 6 (Medial and Lateral) Medial: midline Lateral: away from midline (ex. ladder)
List common terms used for relative positions of the body. 4 of 6 (Proximal and distal) Proximal: nearer to the point of attachment (ex. elbow is proximal to shoulder) Distal: further away from point of attachment (ex. fingers(digits are distal to the shoulder)
List common terms used for relative positions of the body 5 of 6 (Superficial and deep) Superficial: on or near the surface of the body (ex. scratch) Deep: away from surface of body (ex. C-section)
List common terms used for relative positions of the body 6 of 6 (Central and Peripheral) Central: located in the center (ex. heart) Peripheral: away from the center (ex. artery and veins going away from heart.)
Describe the three major planes of the body? 1 of 3 Sagittal Plane: the cut is made exactly down the midline of the body (ex. zipper, forehead to toes)
Describe the three major planes of the body? 2 of 3 Frontal plane Aka coronal plane: is made across the part of the head where a crown sits down the body. ( ex. headband)
Describe the three major planes of the body? 3 of 3 Transverse Plane: divides the body horizontally (ex. floating in water)
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 1 of 20 Abdominal Abdominal: anterior trunk just below the ribs
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 2 of 20 Antecubital (Cube) Antecubital: area in front of the elbow
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 3 of 20 Axillary (Gun) Armpit
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 4 of 20 Brachial (tree branches) Arm
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 5 of 20 Buccal (Use to blow horn) Cheek area
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 6 of 20 Cephalic Head
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 7 of 20 Cervical Neck region
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 8 of 20 Cranial nearer to the head
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 9 of 20 Digital Fingers, toes
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 10 of 20 Femoral thigh area
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 11 of 20 Flank fleshy area along each side between the lower ribs and top of hip bones
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 12 of 20 Inguinal area where the thigh meets the trunk of the body
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 13 of 20 Oral mouth
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 14 of 20 Orbital area around the eye
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 15 of 20 Patellar (ex. gpa always pat this area) front of knee
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 16 of 20 Pedal foot
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 17 or 20 Pubic Genital area
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 18 or 20 Sternal middle of chest
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Anterior View 19 or 20 Plantar Sole of foot
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 1 of 7 Caudal nearer the lower region of spinal cord (tailbone)
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 2 of 7 Deltoid rounded area of shoulder
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 3 of 7 Gluteal Buttocks
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 4 of 7 Lumbar area of the back between the ribs and the hips
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 5 of 7 Occipital back of head
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 6 of 7 Popliteal back of knee area
List anatomical terms for regions of the body. Posterior View 7 of 7 Scapular shoulder blade area
Describe the major cavities of the body 1 of 2 Dorsal Cavity (Back of the body) has the 1. cranial cavity 2. spinal cavity
Describe the major cavities of the body 2 of 2 Ventral Cavity (Front of the body) 1. Thoracic Cavity (Mediastinum (middle of chest) Pleural Cavity (lung area) 2. Abdomino-pelvic cavity (Abdominal Cavity and Pelvic Cavity)
List the four quadrant Right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, Right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant
Created by: clist0712