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Ch19-Oncology

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
Loss of differentiation of cells; reversion to a more primitive cell type: anaplasia
Programmed cell death: apoptosis
Cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin: carcinoma
Spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site: metastasis
Cancerous tumor derived from connective or flesh tissue: sarcoma
System of evaluating the extent of spread of tumors: staging of tumors
Evaluating the degree of maturity of tumor cells or indication of malignant transformation: grading of tumors
Partial or complete disappearance of symptoms of disease: remission
Noncancerous growth; a neoplasm: benign tumor
Replication of cells: mitosis
The prefix that means short (distance): brachy-
A suffix that means formation, growth: -plasia
The combining form that means cancer, cancerous: carcin/o
The combining form that means flesh, connective tissue: sarc/o
The combining form that means death: necr/o
The combining form that means tumor: onc/o
The suffix that means immature tumor: -blastoma
The suffix that means mass, tumor: -oma
The prefix that means beyond, change: meta-
The prefix that means backward: ana-
Radiotherapy that uses insertion of sealed containers into body cavities or radioactive seeds directly into the tumor: brachytherapy
Radiation therapy using energy in the form of x-rays or gamma rays: photon therapy
Applying radiation to a tumor from a source outside the body: external beam irradiation
Wide resection involving removal of the tumor, its organ of origin, and all surrounding tissue in the body space: exenteration
Destruction of tissue by electric sparks generated by a high-frequency current: fulguration
Interleukins are examples of what kind of therapy? biological therapy
Treatment with drugs: chemotherapy
Study using CT or MRI to map treatment before RT is given: simulation
Use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue: cryosurgery
Fractionation is an example of what kind of: radiation therapy
Created by: misscollin