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THE HIP

TermDefinition
Hip Flexion Moving leg forward toward the face
Hip Extension Moving the leg backwards
Hip Abduction Moving leg away from body
Hip Adduction Moving leg toward the body
External Rotation of Hip Rotate upper leg/knee away from body
Internal rotation of HIp Rotate upper leg/knee inward toward body
Circumduction of Hip Rotation of leg in a circular pattern
Ligaments of the Hip Illiofemoral, Ischiofemoral, Pubofemoral - all are thick, strong, twisted around head of femur
Plexus A group of nerves which innervate a specific region of the body and originate from a specific region of the spinal cord
Femoral Nerve Primary nerve of anterior thigh
Sciatic Nerve Primary nerve of posterior thigh
Femoral Artery Primary artery of lower extremity; can take a pulse on this blood vessel in the crease of your leg.
Dorsalis Pedis Artery on top of foot; can take a pulse there
Ice with knee in Flexion Primary treatment for quadriceps contusion/strain.
Strain "pulled muscle"; injury that a quad contusion usually merges into
Chronic hip injuries bursitis, snapping hip syndrome, tendonitis, stress fractures; usually seen in sports requiring repetitive motions such as running, gymnastics, dance, etc
Hip dislocation usually posterior; usually caused by forceful hip flexion & internal rotation, with possible adduction; requires transport for reduction due to risk of damaging femur and increasing chance of vascular disorders.
Apophysis soft, cartilaginous like area of bone where tendons attach to flat bones
Myositis Ossificans Growth of bone-like material within muscle tissue. Caused by severe contusion/tearing of muscle tissue, followed by use of heat/friction too soon.
Hip Stress fracture Commonly seen in femoral neck, pubis and proximal 1/3 of femur
Hip Pointer Extremely painful bone contusion at ASIS
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease Avascular necrosis seen in children
Avascular Necrosis Degeneration of the femoral head due to impaired blood supply to the bone tissue; often caused by repetitive trauma to the joint or a singular severe trauma to the hip (dislocation)
Snapping Hip Syndrome Chronic bursitis; snapping/popping sensation over lateral hip; can be caused by repeated hip flexion/extension with internal or external rotation of the hip
Pelvis Fracture Significant injury due to potential blood loss and potential shock; requires 911 call; usually due to significant trauma such as auto accidents
Anterior muscles of the Hip Rectus femoris, illiacus, psoas major/minor, sartorius
Medial muscles of the Hip Adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectinius, gracilis
Lateral muscles of the hip Tensor Fascia/IT band, gluteus minimus (can be also included posteriorly!)
Posterior muscles of the Hip Gluteus maximus, gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, piriformis, semimembranosis, semitendonosis, biceps femoris long head
Created by: morrisplatte