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La actividad rítmica del SNC hacia los músculos de la ventilación es Automática
Neuronas interconectadad situadas principalmente en el bulbo raquídeo, la protuberancia y otras regiones del tronco encefálico que se encargan de la actividad de salida del SNC Neuronas Relacionadas con la Respiración (NRR)
Establecen conexiones locales Interneuronas
Inervan neuronas motoras, orquestan patrones de actividad adecuados entre los diferentes grupos de neuronas motoras Neuronas premotoras
Inervan músculos de la respiracióm Neuronas motoras
Subgrupo de neuronas que se encuentran en bulbo raquídeo, capaces de generar de forma independiente un ritmo respiratorio Generador Central de Patrones
Inerva el diafragma (Principal músculo de la inspiracón) Nervio frénico
Patrón de actividad respiratoria que se produce en condiciones normales durante el sueño lento o sueño no REM, en reposo y durante el ejercicio leve Eupnea
Al aumentar la amplitud y frecuencia de la actividad del nervio frénico Aparece actividad adicional en los nervios que inervan músculos accesorios de la inspiración y espiración que aumenta la frecuencia respiratoria
Función del GCP Marca el ciclo automático de la inspiración y la espiración
Cuando el GCP deja de funcionar por la falta de impulsos entrantes tónicos procedentes principalmente de quimiorreceptores se produce Apnea (Ausencia de ventilación)
Monitorizan los parámetros de la sangre arterial Quimiorreceptores centrales y periféricos
Están situados en los cuerpos carotídeos el cuello y los cuerpos aórticos del tórax, son sensibles a disminuciones de PO2 > aumento de PCO2 y disminución de pH Quimiorreceptores periféricos
Created by: mirkinpg
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