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Med Terms #

divisions, positions, and directional terms of the body

afferent conducting toward a structure
efferent conducting away from a structure
anterior front of the body
ventral front of the body
dorsal back of the body
posterior back of the body
central pertaining to the center
deep away from the surface
distal away from the beginning of a structure, away from the center
proximal pertaining to the beginning of a structure
inferior away from the head; below another structure
caudal away from the head; below another structure
superior toward the head; above another structure
cephalic toward thehead; above another structure
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle
supine lying on the back
prone lying on the belly
frontal plane vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal plane vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left portions
transverse plane horizontal plan dividing the body or structure into upper and lower portions
hypochondriac regions upper lateral regions beneath the ribs
epigastric region upper middle region containing the stomachj
lumbar regions middle regions on either side of the body
umbilical region central region containing the navel
inguinal (iliac) regions lower lateral regions, near the pelvis
hypogastric region lower middle region
RUQ right upper quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
cervical neck region
thoracic chest region
lumbar loin or flank region
sacral region of sacrum
coccygeal region of the tailbone(coccyx)
coccyx tailbone
vertebra a back bone
vertebrae backbones
spinal column the bones of the back
spinal cord nervous tissue within the spinal column
disk a piece of cartilage found between each vertebra