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AP Euro chpts 9-12

Pren Hall Western Heritage

Edward III English king who claimed succession to the French Throne, resulting in the Hundred Year's war.
John Ball and Wat Tyler "Reformers" who interrupted the 100 year's war in order to cite a peasant revolt.
Machiavelli Most famous political writer of the Renaissance. Wrote The Prince, a criticism of Italian corruption, and believed that Italy should be unified under a dictatorship, similar to Ancient Rome.
Treaty of Lodi Brought Milan and Naples into an alliance with Florence. Ended when Alexander VI of Borgia and Naples threatened Milan.
Name the 5 major Italian city states Milan, Florence, Papal States, Venice, and Naples
Durer German narcissist who was a famous painter of the Northern Renaissance. Known for creating more than 50 self-portraits and for painting strange fingers.
Charles VIII French king who marched through Italy and captured Florence and Naples. Resulted in the formation of the League of Venice
Luther Founder of Lutheranism who got a degree in theology and dropped law school in Germany after surviving a lightening storm.
John Hus Czech reformer who was burned at the stake at the Council of Constance. His followers were known as Hussites.
Calvin Founded Calvinism, which was a protestant belief which embraced predestination. His main work of theology was "The Institutes of the Christian Religion."
Zwingli Humanist who brought the Reformation to Switzerland after becoming the People's Priest in Zurich, a title which he almost lost due to the controversy over the affair he had.
Edict of Nantes Issued by Henry IV of France to grant Huguenots substantial rights.
Lollards British followers of Jon Wycliffe, who were anti-clerical and believed in following scripture instead of the church.
Melanchthon A German Humanist and Reformer. Luther's adviser and friend who was one of the founders of the Lutheran church and helped Luther reform the University of Wittenburg.
Edict of Worms Declared Luther a heretic, banded reading or possession of his writings, and offered a reward for his capture.
Book of Common Prayer Protestant collection of worship instructions which was banned by Mary I, but later revised by Elizabeth I.
Alexander VI The most corrupt Pope who helped end the treaty of Lodi by threatening Milan with the help of Naples.
Council of Trent Called by Pope Paul III to make reforms to the church.
Babylonian Captivity Term which refers to the time the Pope was in France.
Duke of Alba Sent to the Netherlands by Phillip II of Spain to pacify the Protestants. The persecution and overtaxation Alba implemented made him very unpopular throughout his six year rule.
Name the 4 periods of the thirty year's war. Bohemian, Danish, Swedish, Swedish-French
Treaty of Westphalia Ended the 30 year's war, stating that the ruler of a land determines the religion of that land.
Peace of Augsburg and Treaty of Westphalia both said this The ruler of a land determines the religion of that land.
Created by: elefantman