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Med Term II/ P Mylin

Digestive System

or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gum(s)
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
duoden/o duodenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o intestine (usually small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (second part of small intestine)
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o ; colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus,rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
-emesis vomiting
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
dia- through, across
peri- around
sub- under, below
Lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat anorexia
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen ascites
Physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass; commonly associated with AIDS and cancer. cachexia
Presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct. cholelithiasis
Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially in the colon, accompanied by pain colic
Chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis Crohn disease
Act of swallowing deglutition
Epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion. dyspepsia
Inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia dysphagia
Backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the interior portion of the esophagus gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Offensive, or "bad," breath halitosis
Vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus hematemesis
Passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices melena
Excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal body weight. obesity
Body mass indes (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight. morbid obesity
Severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction. obstipation
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body; especially the GI tract peristalsis
Backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach regurgitation
Visual examination of a cavity or canal using a flexible fiberoptic instrument called an endoscope endoscopy
Endoscpoy of the esophagus (esophagoscopy), stomach (gastroscopy), and duodenum (duodenoscopy) upper GI
Endoscopy of the colon (colonoscopy), sigmoid colon (sigmoidoscopy), and rectum and anal canal (proctoscopy) lower GI
Applying a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect presence of occult (hidden) blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult (trade name of a modified guaiac test) stool guaiac
Radiographic examination of the rectum and colon following enema administration of barium sulfate (contrast medium) into the rectum; also called lower GI series barium enema (BE)
Endoscopic procedure that provides radiographic visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts to identify partial or total obstructions, as well as stones, cysts, and tumors. endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis biopsy (bx)
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Counteract or neutralize acidity, usually in the stomach antacids
Control loose stools and relieve diarrhea by absorbing excess water in the bowel or slowing peristalsis in the intestinal tract antidiarrheals
Control nausea and vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the vomiting center of the brain antiemetics
Decrease gastrointestinal (GI) spasms by slowing peristalsis and motility throughout the GI tract antispasmodics
Treat constipation by increasing peristaltic activity in the large intestine or increasing water and electrolyte secretion into the bowel to induce defecation laxatives
alk phos alkaline phosphatase
Ba barium
BaE, BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BMI body mass index
CF cystic fibrosis
CT computed tomography
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDV hepatitis D virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFT liver function test
NG neogastric
stat, STAT immediately
PUD peptic ulcer disease
R/O rule out
a.c. before meals
b.i.d. twice a day
hs half strength
h.s. at bedtime
NPO, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
pc, p.c. after meals
p.o. by mouth
p.r.n. as required
qAM every morning
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q.2h. every 2 hours
q.i.d. four times a day
q.o.d. every other day
qPM every evening
t.i.d. three times a day
chol/e bile, gall
Created by: penelope.mylin