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Intro to Prevention

Duke PA Clin Med

Preventive medicine maintence and promotion of health and reduction of risk factors
incidence number of new events that occur during a specified period in a defined population
prevalence number of cases of a specified disease in a defined population at a particular point in time
specificity percentage of persons WITHOUT the disease who actually test negative for the disease
sensitivity percentage of persons WITH the disease who actually test positive for the disease
mortality determined by combination of incidence rate and likelihood of death following diagnosis
relative risk ratio of the incidence of the disease in subjects exposed to a particular risk factor, to the incidence of the disease in subjects not exposed to the risk factor
absolute risk probability of an event in the population
attributable risk additional risk following exposure
positive predictive value percentage of all the positive tests that will be TRUE positives
negative predictive value probability that the individual truly does not have disease if the test is negative, or normal
mission of USPSTF evaluate, recommend, identify a research agenda
USPSTF U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
risk factor value or condition that affects the probability of the occurrence of disease - not necessarily cause and effect
What is the "A" rating recommendation? yes, strongly
What is the "B" rating recommendation? yes
What is the "C" rating recommendation? not routinely
What is the "D" rating recommendation? No
What is the "I" rating recommendation? Unable to recommend
Created by: ges13
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