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Ch 07 A Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor of a gland
adenoma glandular tumor
adenopathy gland disease
adenosis gland condition
dysmetabolic syndrome combination of medical disorders associated with faulty metabloism
ketosis condition characterized by elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood
polyadenopathy disease involving many glands
thymoma tumor of the thymus
adrenal adenoma tumor of the adrenal gland
adrenal insufficiency condition in which the adrenal glands under produce necessary hormones
adrenalitis inflammation of the adrenal glands
adrenocortical carcinoma cancerous tumor originating in the cortex of the adrenal gland
adrenocortical insufficiency condition in which the adrenal cortex under produces necessary hormones
adrenocorticohyperplasia over-development of the cortex of the adrenal gland
congenital adrenal hyperplasia genetic disease in which the adrenal gland is overdeveloped, resulting in a deficiency of certain hormones and overproduction of others
diabetes mellitus metabolic disease characterized by excessive urination and hyperglycemia
diabetic ketoacidosis acidity of the blood caused by the presence of ketone bodies produced when the body is unable to burn sugar; thus, it must burn fat for energy
insulinoma tumor that secretes insulin (found in the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas)
pancreatic pseudocyst abnormally expanded area in the pancreas resembling a cyst
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatolith stone in the pancreas
pancreatolithiasis presence of a stone in the pancreas
hyperpituitarism over-functioning of the pituitary gland
hypophysitis inflammation of the pituitary gland
hypopituitarism condition caused by the under secretion of the pituitary gland
panhypopituitarism defective or absent function of the entire pituitary gland
pituitary adenoma tumor on the pituitary gland
pituitary infarcation death of the pituitary gland
hyperparathyroidism overproduction by the parathyroid glands
hyperthyroidism overproduction of the thyroid
hypoparathyroidism underproduction by the parathyroid glands
hypothyroidism underproduction bythe thyroid
parathyroidoma tumor of the parathyroid
thyroiditis inflammation of the thyroid
thyrotoxicosis condition caused by the exposure of body tissue to excessive levels of thyroid hormone
Created by: DarrinWan