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Ch10tissue&brain

QuestionAnswer
The central lobe that functions as "chief" /exectutive officer (ceo) Frontal
Cerebral lobe that contains the Broca area? Frontal Lobe
Part of the diencephalon that acts a relay sorting station for sensory fibers? Thalamus
Damage to thhis cerebral lobe causes cortical blindness occipital lobe
Part of the brain stem that contains the emetric center? Medulla Oblongata
Largest part of the brain cerebrum
Called the "emotional brain" Limbic system
Composed of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata Brain stem
Part of the neuron that transmit information away from the cell body axon
Part of the diencephalon thaat controls the pituitary gland. also helps control the autonomic nervous system, water balance and body temperature Hypothatlamus
Part of the brain that is divided into the right and left hemisphere cerebrum
The precentral gyrus of this cerebral lobe is the major cortex; nerve impulses that originate in the motor area control voluntary muscle activity Frontal lobe
Composed of the thalamus and the hypothalamus diencephlon
this sturcture means bridges;it helps regulate breathing rate and rhythm Pons
The post central gyrus of this cerebral lobe is the primary somatosensory areaa Parietal lobe
Cerebral lobe that contains the primary audoitory cortex (hearing) and the olfactory cortex (smell) Temporal lobe
plays a key role in personality development, emotional and behavioral expressions, and performance of high level thinking and learning tasks frontal lobe
part of thee brain called the "vital center" because it regulates vital processes such as blodd pressure,heart rate,and respirations Medulla Oblongata
Part of the brain stem that contains the vomitting center medulla oblongata
Cerebral lobe that contains the eye fields frontal
cerebral lobe that controls motor speech frontal lobe
the crossing of the most motor fibers occur here Medulla oblongata
The central sulcus separtes the frontal lobe from this lobe parietal
A sensory humunculus lives in this cerebral lobe Parietal lobe
Brain structure that protrudes from under the occipital lobe; concerned primarily with the coordination of skeletal activity cerebellum
Damage to this cerebral lobe causes cortical deafness temporal lobe
part of the brain stem that recieves information from the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ) Medulla oblongata
composed of the frontal, parietal, ocippital, and temporal lobes cerebrum
Type of glial cell that lines the inside cavities of the brain; helps form the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Ependymal cells
Part of the neuron that contains the nucleus; dendrites bring information to this structures and the axon carries information away from this structure. cell body
Nerve cells that transmit information as electrical signals Neurons
The processessing and interpretation of information by the cells of the CNS; decison making capabilites Integrative function
Central lobe that is primarily concerned with vision occipital lobe
Part of the nervous system consisting of sensory and morot nerves that connect the brain and the spinal cord with the rest of the body
Nerves that gather information from the enviroment and carry it to the CNS Sensory nerves
Part of the nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord Central nervous system CNS
Clusters of cell bodies located well within the CNS Neuroglia
Common type of glial cell that supports and protects the neurons; helps form the blood brain barrier Astrocyte
clusters of cell bodies located win the peripheral nervous system Ganglia
Nerve tissue that is called "nerve glue"; composed of astrocytes, microglia, oligodenddrocytes, and ependymal Neuroglia
We first become aware of pain at this level in the diencephlon however; this structure does not allow us to determine the type of pain or locate the source of the pain Thalamus
Cluster of cell bodies loated in the peripheral nervous system ganglia
relays information (sensory&motion) plays a role in respirations Pons
Relays information (sensory& motor) associated with visual and auditory Mid brain
Integratinh system for the autonomic nervous system; regulates temperature, water balance, sex, thirst, appetite, and emotions hypothalamus
vital function reflux center for coughing, sneezing, swallowing, and vomitting(regulates heart rate, blood flow, blood pressure, respiratory ) medulla oblongatat
Connects the spinal cord with pons; acts as a relay for sensory and motor functions including heart rate, blood pressure, and respirations medulla oblongata
Relay structure and processing center for most sensory information going to the cerebrum Thalamus
Hearing (auditory areaa) smell (olfactory) taste, memory storage, and part of speech Temporal lobe
Damage to this produces jerrky movement, staggering gait; and difficulty maintaaining balance Cerebellum
Glial cells that form the myelin sheath in the peripheral nervous system Schawnn cells
Part of the axon where neurotransmitters are stored axon terminal
CSF is formed from theses blood vessels and ependymal cells that line the ventricular walls chorid plexus
Meningeal layer that forms the tentorium Meninges
The middle layer of the meningies; means "spider" beacause the layer looks like a spiderr Arachnoid mater
Hole in the center of the spinal cord through which CFS flows from the ventricles of the brain to the spinal cord Central canal
Finger-like structures that project into the dural sinuses to allow drainage of the CSF Arachnoid villi
The soft innermost layer of the meninges; means "soft mother" Pia mater
Cranium and vertebral column bone
This widespreaad grouup of cells are concerned with the sleep-wake cycle and consciouness; signals passing from this structure keep us awake Reticular formation
the astrocytes help to form this capillary structure that prevents harmful substances in the blood from diffusing in the brain and spinal cord Blood-brain barrier
CSF circulates aroud the brain and spinal cord within this structure subarachnoid
cavities that are filled with blood and help drain the CSF Dural sinuses
called the lateral, third and fourth ventricles
Hearing and smell temporal
Vision and vision-related; judging distance; seeing 3d occipital lobe
Part of the nervous system consisting of sensory and motor nerves that connect the brain and the spinal cord with the rest of the body brain stem
A thin layer of gray matter that forms the outermost layer portion of tthe cerebrum Cerebral cortex
seperates the temporal lobe from the frontal lobe and the parietal Lateral sulcus
seperates the right and left cererbal hemispheres longitudinal fissure
This lobe also recieves sensory information from the nose Temporal
A broad region that is located in the parietal and temporal lobes; Assoiciated with the translation of thoughts into words Wernicke's area
Wernicke's area is located here parietal and temporal lobes
where is Broca's are located? left hemisphere of frontal lobe
damage to this lobe can cause cortical blindness Occipital lobe
helps regulate body movement and facial expressions basal nuclei
what causes 'Parkinson's disease? A deficiency of dopamine
A brain tumor that occurs in the structure located above the tentorium are called? supratentorium brain tumors
Acts as a sensory station fdor most of the sensory fibers thalamus
Two types of sleep (NREM)Non rapid eye movement and (REM) rapid eye movement
what formation is involved with the sleep-wake cylce? The reticular activating system (RAS)
where is CSF formed> Ventricles of the brain by a structure called the choroid plexus
Protrude up into the blood-filled dural sinuses and are involved in the drainage of the CSF arachnoid villi
Created by: LMPayne