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HC101: Skin

Integumentary System terms

TermDefinition
Actinic Keratosis a rough, scaly, pink or white growth that occurs on the surface of the skin in areas (such as the face, neck, and back of hands)
Albin/o white
Albinism the condition of an albino, an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation
All/o Other or different
Alpopecia partial or complete loss of hair, wool, or feathers
Aut/o self
Biepharoplasty plastic surgery on an eyelid especially to remove fatty or excess tissue
Bulla a hollow thin-walled rounded bony prominence
Carbuncle a painful local purulent inflammation of the skin and deeper tissue with multiple openings for the discharge of pus and usually necrosis and sloughing of dead tissue
Cellulitis diffuse and especially subcutaneous inflammation of connective tissue
Chloasma irregular brownish or blackish spots especially on the face that occur sometimes in pregnancy and in disorders of or functional changes in the uterus and ovaries
Cicatrix a scar resulting from formation and contraction of fibrous tissue in the flesh wound
Comedo a small plug of sebum blocking the duct of a sebaceous gland especially on the face
Debridement the usually surgical removal of lacerated, devitalized, or contaminated tissue
Dermatitis inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist a branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its structure, functions and diseases
Diaphoresis profuse perspiration artificially induced
Ecchymosis the escape of blood into the tissues form ruptured blood vessels marked by a livid black-and-blue or purple spot or area
Eczema an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by redness, itching, and oozing vesicular lesions which become scaly, crusted, or hardened
Edema an abnormal excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity
Erythema abnormal redness of the skin or mucous membranes due to capillary congestion (as in inflammation)
Erythroderma plural form of erythema
Exanthem an eruptive disease (as measles) or its symptomatic eruption
Folliculitis inflammation of one or more follicles especially of the hair
Furuncle a localized swelling and inflammation of the skin resulting from usually bacterial infection of the hair follicle and adjacent tissue, having a hard central core, and forming pus (also known as a boil)
Granuloma a mass or nodule of chronically inflamed tissue with granulations that is usually associate with an infection process
Hermatoma a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ, or body space as a result of a broken blood vessel
Hidr/o sweat
Hirsutism excessive growth of hair of normal or abnormal distribution
Ichthyosis any of several diseases usually of hereditary origin characterized by rough,thick, and scaly skin
Impetigo an acute contagious staphylococcal or streptococcal skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules and yellowish crust
Keloid a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue and occurring especially after burns or radiation injury
Kerat/o hard of horny
Keratosis a disease of the skin marked by overgrowth of horny tissue 2: an area of the skin affected with keratosis
Kollonychia abnormal thinness and concavity of fingernails occurring especially in hypochromic anemias
Laceration a torn and ragged wound
Lipoma a tumor of fatty tissue
Macule a patch of skin that is altered in color but usually not elevated
Malignant tending to produce death or deterioration
Melanoma a benign or malignant skin tumor containing dark pigment
Mycosis infection with or disease caused by a fungus
Onychocryptosis an ingrown nail (plural)
Onychomycosis a fungal disease of the nails
Papilloma a benign tumor (as a wart or condyloma) resulting from an overgrowth of epithelial tissue on papillae of vascularized connective tissue
Papule a small solid usually conical elevation of the skin caused by inflammation,accumulated secretion, or hypertrophy of tissue elements
Paronychia inflammation of the tissues adjacent to the nail of a finger or toe usually accompanied by infection and pus formation
Pediculosis infestation with lice -- called also lousiness
Petechiae a minute reddish or purplish spot containing blood that appears in skin or mucous membrane as a result of localized hemorrhage
Pruritus localized or generalized itching due to irritation of sensory nerve endings
Psoriasis chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribe red patches covered with white scales
Purpura any of several hemorrhagic states characterized by patches of purplish discoloration resulting from extravasation of blood into the skin and mucous membrane
Purulent containing, consisting of, or being pus
Pyoderma a bacterial skin inflammation marked by pus-filled lesions
Rhytid/o wrinkle
Rhytidectomy plastic surgery on the face and neck to remove defects and inperfections (as wrinkles or sagging skin) typical of aging
Rosacea a chronic inflammatory skin disorder typically involving the nose, checks, forehead, and chin that is characterized especially by redness, flushing, telangiectasia, inflamed lesions, burning sensation, and sometimes eye dryness and irritation and thickeni
Scabies ontagious itch of mange especially with exudative crusts that is caused by parasitic mites and especially by a mite of the genus
Scleroderma a usually slowly progrssive disease marked by the deposition of fibrous connective tissue in the skin and often in internal organs and structure, by hand and foot pain upon exposure to cold, and by tightening and thickening of the skin
Seborrhea abnormally increased secretion and discharge of sebum producing an oily appearance of the skin and the formation of greasy scales
Squamous Cell Carcinoma a carcinoma that is made up of or arises from squamous cells and usually occurs in areas of the body exposed to strong sunlight over a period on many years
Subcutaneous under the skin
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus a chronic, inflammatory, variable, autoimmune disease of connective tissue that occurs chiefly in women and is typically characterized by fever, skin rash, fatigue, and joint pain and often by disorders of the blood, kidney, heart, lungs, and brain
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ..... such as hemolytic anemia, nephritis, pleurisy, pericarditis, cognitive dysfunction, or meningitis
TIA transient ischemic attack
ungu/o nail
Urticaria an allergic disorder marked by raised edematous red patches of skin or mucous membrane and usually by intense itching and caused by contact with a specific precipitating factor (as a food, drug, or inhalant ) either externally or internally (aka hives)
Verrucae a wart or warty skin lesion
Vitiligo a progressive skin disorder that is a form of leukoderma caused by that localized or generalized destruction of melanocytes and marked by sharply circumscribed white spots of skin
Wheal a suddenly formed elevation of the skin surface
Xer/o dry
Xeroderma a disease of skin characterized by dryness and roughness and a fine scaly desquamation
Created by: Bechristman