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HBS Joints

Key Terms

TermDefinition
Abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction Movement toward the midline off the body
Articular cartilage Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
Articulation The action or manner in which the parts come together at a joint
Ball-and-socket joint An articulation (as the hip joint) in which the rounded head of one bone fits into a cuplike cavity of the other and admits movement in any direction
Cartilage Translucent bluish white cartilage consisting of cells embedded in an apparently homogeneous matrix, present in joints and respiratory passages, and forming most of the fetal skeleton
Joint The point of contact between elements of an animal skeleton whether movable or rigidly fixed together with the surrounding and supporting parts (as membranes, tendons, or ligaments)
Ligament Dense regular connective tissue that attaches bone to bone
Plantar flexion Bending the foot in the direction of the plantar surface (sole)
Range of Motion The range through which a joint can be moved
Rotation Moving a bone around its own axis, with no other movement
Synovial cavity The space between the articulating bones of a synovial joint, filled with synovial fluid. Also called a joint cavity.
Synovial fluid Secretion of synovial membranes that lubricates joints and nourishes articular cartilage
Synovial joint A fully moveable joint in which the synovial (joint) cavity is present between the two articulating bones
Tendon A white fibrous cord of dense regular connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
Created by: HonorableThunder