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Ch 15-Musculoskelet

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
A rounded, knuckle-like bone process at the joint: condyle
Which of the following is a cranial bone? parietal bone
Which of the following is a facial bone? maxillary bone
Which structure lines a joint space? synovial membrane
Skeletal (voluntary) muscle: striated muscle
Spongy, porous bone tissue: cancellous bone
The projection of the temporal bone: mastoid process
The rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis that joins the femur, forming the hip joint: acetabulum
Flexible, rubbery connective tissue found in the immature skeleton, at the epiphyseal growth plate, and on joint surfaces: cartilage
Pertaining to the upper arm bone: humeral
The shaft, or middle portion, of a long bone: diaphysis
The proximal bony process of the ulna at the elbow, or the bony point of the elbow when flexed: olecranon
The round process on both sides of the ankle joint: malleolus
Each end of a long bone is called a/an: epiphysis
The name used for any type of joint: articulation
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones: tendon
Supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone: trabeculae
Bone cell that helps form bony tissue to replace cartilage during ossification: osteoblast
Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue: osteoclast
Sac of fluid near a joint to promote smooth sliding of one tissue against another: bursa
Finger and toe bones are known as: phalanges
The posterior part of the pelvic bone: ischium
Thin bone that is the smaller of the two lower leg bones: fibula
Small, flat bone that is also known as the kneecap: patella
Seven short bones that are the hindfoot bones: tarsals
The medial (little finger side) forearm bone: ulna
The lateral forearm bone (in line with the thumb): radius
Connective tissue binding bones to other bones: ligament
One of two flat, triangular bones on each dorsal side of the thorax; also known as: scapula
The larger of the two bones of the lower leg: tibia
Lumb/o means: lower back
The combining form for bone: oste/o
What is the combining form for hand bones? metacarp/o
Carp/o means: wrist bones
The combining form for thigh bone: femor/o
Patell/o is the combining form for: kneecap
What is the combining form for skull? crani/o
Tibi/o means: shin bone
Scapul/o is the combining form for: shoulder blade
What is the combining form for heel? calcane/o
The suffix -blast means: embryonic or immature cell
The Suffix -clast means: to break
The meaning of -malacia: softening
The combining form for the upper jawbone: maxill/o
What is the combining form for elbow? olecran/o
The meaning of phalang/o: finger and/or toe bones
The meaning of -physis: to grow
The meaning of -listhesis: slipping
What is the combining form for the upper part of the pelvic bone? ili/o
The combining form for ribs: cost/o
What is the meaning of arthr/o? joint
What is the meaning of chondr/o? cartilage
What is the meaning of the suffix -desis? to bind, tie together
The meaning of the suffix -stenosis: narrowing
What is the meaning of the combining form leiomy/o? smooth muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
The meaning of the combining form rhabdomy/o: skeletal muscle connected to bones
The combining form for muscle: my/o
The combining form for heart muscle: myocardi/o
The prefix that means away from: ab-
The meaning of the prefix ad-: toward
The term for turning the palm upward: supination
The term for turning the palm downward: pronation
What is the term for straightening of a flexed limb? extension
What is the meaning of the term flexion? bending a limb
What is the meaning of the term abduction? movement away from the midline of the body
What is the term that means movement toward the midline of the body? adduction
What is the term for circular movement around a central point? rotation
What is the meaning of dorsiflexion? backward (upward) bending of the foot
What is the term for bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground? plantar flexion
What is the meaning of the prefix dorsi-? back
Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone: osteomalacia
Decrease in bone density (mass) is known as: osteoporosis
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection: osteomyelitis
The type of fracture that occurs near the wrist joint at the distal end of the radius: Colles fracture
A chronic progressive form of arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine: ankylosing spondylitis
What is carpal tunnel syndrome? a compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
What is a ganglion? a fluid-filled cyst arising from joint capsules or tendons, typically in the hand
The enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe: bunion
Bony growth (benign) arising from the surface of bone: exostosis
A progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces: osteoarthritis
Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope and television camera: arthroscopy
The procedure for recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation: electromyography (EMG)
What is arthrocentesis? surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space
The procedure that involves taking x-ray images after injection of contramaterial into a joint: arthrography
The surgical repair or replacement of a joint: arthroplasty
A procedure used to measure bone mass that involves low-energy x-ray absorption in bones of the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist: bone densitometry
Treatment of dislocations that restores the bones to their normal positions: reduction
Surgical removal of a portion of the vertebral arch in patients with chronic or recurrent disk herniation: laminectomy
A surgical chisel designed to cut bone: osteotome
What is the meaning of tarsectomy? surgical removal of a bone of the hindfoot
Created by: misscollin