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Ch 14-Lymph/Immune

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
Proteins that aid in antigen destruction: cytokines
Body's ability to resist foreign organisms and toxins: immunity
Proteins that stimulate the growth of B and T lymphocytes: interleukins
Large phagocytes found in lymph nodes and other tissues of the body: macrophages
Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells: spleen
Organ in the mediastinum that conditions T lymphocytes to react to foreign cells: thymus gland
Mass of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx: adenoids
Mass of lymphatic tissue in the back of the oropharynx: tonsils
Lymph nodes in the groin region: inguinal nodes
Proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response: interferons
Group of clinical signs and symptoms associated with suppression of the immune system: AIDS
Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen allergy
Malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue: lymphoma
Malignant tumor of bone marrow cells: multiple myeloma
Malignant tumor of the thymus gland: thymoma
Cancer arising from the lining cells of capillaries that produces dark purplish skin nodules: Kaposi sarcoma
Hypersensitivity or allergic state arising from an inherited predisposition to allergies: atopy
Inflammation of lymph glands (nodes): lymphadenitis
Abnormal condition of increase in lymphocytes: lymphocytosis
Deficiency of lymphocytes in the blood: lymphocytopenia
Screening test to detect anti-HIV antibodies in the bloodstream: ELISA
Test that separates immunoglobulins: immunoelectrophoresis
Measurement of the amount of AIDS virus in the bloodstream: viral load test
A test that is done to confirm a positive ELISA: Western blot
Use of immune cells, antibodies, or vaccines to treat or prevent disease: immunotherapy
Removal of the spleen: splenectomy
Removal of the thymus gland: hymectomy
An example of adaptive immunity: vaccination
Reverse transcriptase inhibitors are used to treat: HIV/AIDS
A CD4+ cell count measures the number of _________ in the bloodstream of patients with AIDS. helper T cells
Created by: misscollin