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Ch 13-Blood System

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
Another term for thrombocyte: platelet
A hormone that stimulates red blood cell production: erythropoietin
A white blood cell that is associated with allergic reactions: eosinophil
A granulocytic leukocyte that is the body's main bacterial fighter: neutrophil
Destruction or breakdown of red blood cells: hemolysis
A platelet precursor formed in the bone marrow: megakaryocyte
Substance that stimulates the production of an antibody: antigen
Red blood cell: erythrocyte
Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms of cells: stem cell
Liquid portion of blood: plasma
The combining form that means color: chrom/o
The combining form that means clotting: coagul/o
The combining form that means cell: cyt/o
The combining form that means red: erythr/o
The combining form that means white: leuk/o
The combining form that means bone marrow: myel/o
A combining form that means iron: sider/o
The combining form that means clot: thromb/o
The combining form that means shape, form: morph/o
A combining form that means blood: hem/o
The suffix that means stop, control: -stasis
The suffix that means pertaining to destruction: -lytic
The suffix that means immature cell, embryonic: -blast
The suffix that means removal, a carrying away: -apheresis
A suffix that means protein: -globin
The suffix that means blood condition: -emia
The suffix that means deficiency: -philia
The suffix that means abnormal condition of cells: -cytosis
The suffix that means attraction for (an increase in cell numbers): -philia
The suffix that means carrying, transmission: -phoresis
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow: aplastic anemia
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by an ability to absorb vitamin B12: pernicious anemia
Excess iron deposits throughout the body: hemochromatosis
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction: hemolytic anemia
Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin: purpura
Infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes: mononucleosis
General increase in red blood cells: polycythemia vera
Malignant neoplasm of bone marrow: multiple myeloma
Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors: hemochromatosis
Increase in cancerous white blood cells: leukemia
Which test gives the percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood? hematocrit
Which test determines the number of different types (mature and immature) of leukocytes? white blood cell differential
The method for separating blood into component parts: apheresis
Time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube: coagulation time
Test of the ability of blood to clot: prothrombin time
Microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red blood cells: red blood cell morphology
Number of erythrocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood: red blood cell count
Number of leukocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood: white blood cell count
Procedure in which peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered to a recipient: hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes: antiglobulin test
Created by: misscollin
 

 



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