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Knee Anatomy

TermDefinition
Medial Femoral Condyle Articulates with medial tibial condyle and is attachment for MCL
Lateral Femoral Condyle Articulates with lateral tibial condyle and is attachment for LCL
Tibial Plateau Flattened superior surface of the tibia
Tibial Tuberosity Distal Attachment of Patellar tendon
Medial Meniscus Cartilage which is more firmly attached to the tibia and more commonly torn
Lateral Meniscus Cartilage which is freely moving in the middle and less commonly torn
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tissue preventing anterior translation of the tibia; attaches to the anterior border of the tibial plateau
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tissue Preventing posterior translation of the tibia; attaches to the posterior border of the tibial plateau
Lateral Collateral Ligament Prevents Varus force to the knee; distal attachment is on the fibular head
Medial Collateral Ligament Prevents Valgus force to the knee
Hamstrings Semimembranosis, semitendinosis, biceps femoris; flexes knee
Quadriceps Vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, rectus femoris; extends knee
Patella largest sesamoid bone in body
"Jumper's knee" Patellar tendonitis
Largest bursa in body (in knee!) Suprapatellar bursa
Chondromalacia degeneration of articular cartilage of patella; knee cap "snap, crackle & pops"
Jobs of the Meniscus shock absorption, stability/support, distributes forces across knee, protects the ends of the femur and tibia
Osgood-Schlatter's Disease inflammation of tibial tuberosity due to increased tension created by tight patellar tendon/quad tendon
Dislocation bones move out of place and must be manually reduced
Subluxation bones shift out of place and return back into place on their own
Knee injury that is a medical emergency Knee dislocation
Angle created by the pull of the quads in the line of the patella; can predispose knee to injury Q-angle
IT Band Syndrome inflammation of the IT band at the lateral knee
Created by: morrisplatte