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directional terms

toward the surface of the body

toward the surface of the body superficial
away from the surface of the body deep
movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts abduction
movement toward the median plane of the body adduction
pertaining to the midline of the body or structure medial
pertaining to a side lateral
toward the head or upper portion of a structure superior
away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure inferior
near the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure proximal
farther from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure distal
near the front of the body anterior or ventral
near the back of the body posterior or dorsal
pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity parietal
pertaining to the covering of an organ visceral
lying horizontal with face downward prone
lying on back with face upward supine
turning inward or inside out inversion
turning outward eversion
on the same side of the body ipsilateral
on the opposite side of the body contralateral
means "head" cranial or cephalad
means"tail" caudal or caudad
between 2 structures intermediate
the hand is part of the_______extremity superior
the foot is part of the_________extremity inferior
the shoulder blades are located on the__________side of the body posterior
the kneecap is located on the ___________side of the leg anterior
the middle toe is located at the ________side of the foot medial
the little toe is located at the _________side of the foot lateral
the _________end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone proximal
the hand is located at the __________ end of the forearm distal
the lungs are ________ to the stomach lateral, cranial, or superior
the intestines are _________ to the diaphragm inferior, or caudal
the spleen and descending colon are____________ Ipsilateral
the ascending and descending colon are___________ contralateral
the skin is __________ to the muscle superficial
the skeleton is ___________ to the skin deep
Created by: amanda13