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Structures/functions

skeleton and bones

QuestionAnswer
How many bones does the skeleton contain? 206
what is contained in the axial? skull, vertebral column, sternum, ribs
what is contained in the appendicular? extremities and the appropriate girdles
Tuberosity large bump (deltoid, tibial)
Tubercle smaller bump (greater and lesser tubercles of humerus)
Process projection (acromion, coracoid)
Spine or Spinous process longer, thinner projection (scapula
Condyles bony knobs at either end of a long bone (femoral)
Epicondyles smaller knobs above condyles (humeral)
Fossa smaller, flatter smooth surface (vertebral, prox. humerus)
Notch allows passage of structures (scapular)
Foramen hole, also allows passage of structures (obturator, skull)
Diathrodial They have joint cavity and there are 6 subtypes
Synarthrodial They have no separation, and there are 3 subtypes
what are the 3 types of Synarthrodial joints? -cartilaginous joint -sutured joint -ligamentous joint
Hayaline/Articular cartilage Protects ends of bone
Fibrous cartilage? -Cushions impact -Maintains bone position
Ligaments bone to bone contact
what are he 6 types of diarthrodial joints? -hinge joint -ball and socket joint - irregular joint -condyloid joint -saddle joint -pivot joint
hinge joint uniaxial
saddle joint biaxial
ball and socket joint multiaxial
plane joint nonaxial
sagittal plane front and back movement of the arm
frontal plane arms flapping
transverse plane twisting of the hip, hand, or shaking your head (rotation)
Bursa -fibrous sac-like structure containing fluid -decreases friction
Bursits trauma to a bursa sac- can become inflamed
Created by: rmart11
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