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Chapter 1

Medical assisting

QuestionAnswer
Multi-skilled health professional Individual with versatile training in the health care field
Andreas Versalius (1514-1564) Father of modern medicine
William Harvey(1578-1657) Identified circulation as a continuous circuit pumped by the heart throughout the body
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek(1632-1723) invented the microscope in the mid-1660s
John Hunter(1728-1793) Developed many surgical techniques, known as the father of scientific surgery
Edward Jenner(1749-1823) Developed the smallpox vaccine in 1796
Benjamin Rush(1746-1813) wrote the first psychiatry book in America
Rene Laennec(1781-1793) invented the stethoscope
Ignaz Semmelweis(1818-1865) discovered that hand washing to prevent childbed fever
Louis Pasteur(1822-1895) Promoted using heat to sterilize, developed the rabies vaccine, known as the father of bacteriology and the father of preventative medicine
Florence Nightingale(1820-1910) founder of modern nursing
Elizabeth Blackwell(1821-1910) first woman to complete medical school in the united states in 1849
Clara Barton(1821-1912) founded the american red cross in 1881
Joseph Lister(1827-1912) Began applying antiseptics to prevent infections
Crawford Williamson Long(1815-1876) discovered modern anesthesia in 1842
Marie Curie(1867-1934) discovered polonium and radium
Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen(1845-1943) discovered x-rays in 1895
Sir Alexander Fleming(1881-1955) discovered penicillin in 1928
Jonas Edward Salk(1914-1995) discovered polio vaccine in 1952
Albert Sabin(1906-1993) discovered oral polio vaccine in 1961
John Gibbon(1903-1973) developed the first heart-lung machine in 1953
C. Walton Lillhei(1918-1999) performed the first successful open heart surgery in 1954, known as the father of open heart surgery
Medical assistant multi-skilled allied health care professionals specifically educated to work in ambulatory settings.
Administrative duties focus on offices procedures
Clinical duties involve direct patient care
Scope of practice what a certain health care professional is allowed to do or not allowed to do.
Cardiovascular repairs physical dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system
Cosmetic, reconstructive restores, repairs, or reconstructs body parts
General performs repairs on a variety of body parts
Maxillofacial repairs disorders of the face and the mouth, branch of denisty
Neurosurgery repairs disorders of the nervous system including the brain and back
orthopedic corrects deformities and treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system
Thoracic repairs organs in the rib cage
Trauma limited to correcting traumatic wounds
Vascular repairs disorders of blood vessels, excluding the heart
allergist determines the basis of allergic reactions
Anesthesiologist determines most appropriate anesthesia for a patient during surgery
Cardiologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the cardiovascular system
Chiropractor manipulates the musculoskeletal system to relieve pain
Dermatologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the skin
Emergency physician works in emergency or trauma rooms
Endocrinologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the endocrine system
Epidemiologist specializes in epidemics caused by infections agents
Family practitioner sees patients of all ages
Gastroenterologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the stomach and intestines
Gynecologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the female reproductive system
Hematologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the blood and blood-forming organs
immunologist concentrates on the body's immune system
internist practice to diagnosing and treating disorders of the internal organs without performing surgery
neonatologist care and treatments of infants about 6 weeks of age
nephrologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the kidneys
neurologist nonsurgical care of the brain and spinal cord disorders
obstetrician care and treatment during pregnancy
oncologist diagnoses and treats tumors, benign and malignant
opthalmologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the eye, including surgery
orthopedist diagnoses and treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including surgery and care for fractures
otorhinolaryngologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the ear, nose, and throat
pain managment treatment of patient in chronic pain
pathologist analyzes tissue samples
pediatrician limits practice to childhood disorders
podiatrist diagnoses and treats conditions of the feet
proctologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus
psychiatrist diagnoses and treats mental disorders
pulmonologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the respiratory system
radiologist interprets x-rays and imaging studies
rheumatologist diagnoses and treats arthritis, gout, and other joint disorders
surgeon performs surgical procedures
urologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the urinary system including the kidneys and the bladder and diagnoses disorders of the male reproductive system
self-boundries setting limits on the relationships between yourself and your patients
multidisciplinary a group of specialized professionals who are brought together to meet the needs of the patient
Patient-centered medical home(PCMH) utilizes a team of providers to meet the needs of the patient including wellness, acute, and chronic care
physicians generally the team leader, they diagnose and treat the patient
Physician assistant specially trained and usually licensed, may preform many of the tasks done by the physician
Nurse practitioners trained to diagnose patients and treat illness, in most states they can prescribe medications, operate their own offices and admit patients into the hospital
accreditation nongovernmental professional peer review process that provides technical assistance and evaluates educational program
commission of accreditation of allied health education(CAAHEP) largest programmatic accreditor in the health sciences field
Created by: kloeylane