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Ch 05 A Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) an accident involving the blood vessels of the brain
stroke loss of brain function caused by interruption of blood flow/supply to the brain
hemorrhagic stroke a stroke where the blood loss is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel
ischemic stroke a stroke where the blood loss is caused by blockage
transient ischemic attack (TIA) a "mini-stroke" cause by the blockage of a blood vessel, which resolves (goes away) withing 24 hours
cerebrovascular disease a disease of the blood vessels of the brain
cerebral aneurysm the widening or abnormal dilation of a blood vessel in the brain
cerebral arteriosclerosis the hardening of an artery in the brain
cerebral atherosclerosis the hardening of an artery in the brain caused by the buildup of fatty plaque
cerebral embolism the blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a foreign object (embolus) such as fat or bacteria
cerebral thrombosis the blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a blood clot
craniomalacia abnormal softening of the skull
craniosclerosis abnormal hardening of the skull
craniostenosis abnormal narrowing of the skull
craniosynostosis premature fusing of the skull bones
hydrocephaly abnormal accumulation of spinal fluid in the brain
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
cerebromeningitis inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalomyelitis inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
encephalomyeloneuropathy disease of the brain, spinal cord and nerves
encephalopathy disease of the brain
encephalopyosis a pus-filled abscess in the brain
ganglitis inflammation of a ganglion
intracerebral hemorrhage excessive bleeding inside the brain
meningopathy disease of the meninges
meningioma tumor of the meninges
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningioencephalitis inflammation of the meninges and brain
myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord
myelodysplasia defective formation of the spinal cord
myelopathy disease of the spinal cord
neuroarthropathy disease of the joint associated with nerves
neuroencephalomyelopathy disease of the nerves, brain, and spinal cord
neuropathy disease of the nervous system
poliomyelitis inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
polyneuropathy disease affecting multiple nerves
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) a degenerative disease of the central nervous system causing loss of muscle control
anorexia an eating disorder characterized by the patient's refusal to eat
autism a psychiatric disorder characterized by withdrawal from communication with others; the patient is focused only on the self
bulimia an eating disorder characterized by overeating and usually followed by forced vomiting
cerebral palsy paralysis caused by damage to the area of the brain responsible for movement
dysphoria a negative emotional state
euphoria a positive emotional state
epilipsy a disease marked by seizures
hypomania a mental state just below mania
manic depression (bipolar) a psychiatric disorder characterized by alternating bouts of excitement and depression
myasthenia muscle weakness
narcolepsy a disease characterized by sudden, uncontrolled speepiness
neurosis a nerve condition
psychosis a mind condition
psychopathy a mental illness
schizophrenia a mental illness characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and disordered speech
Created by: DarrinWan