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Ch 05 O Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
cerebral angiography procedure used to examine blood vessels in the brain
echoencephalography procedure used to examine the brain using sound waves
electroencephalography (EEG) procedure used to examine the electrical activity of the brain
encephalography procedure for studying the brain
lumbar puncture (LP) inserting a needle into the lumbar region of the spine in order to collect spinal fluid; commonly called a "spinal tap"
magnetic resonance angiography(MRA) procedure used to examine blood vessels
myelogram image of the spinal cord, usually done using x-ray
positron emission tomography (PET) scan an imaging procedure that uses radiation (positrons) to produce cross sections of the brain
transcranial Doppler sonography an imaging technique that produces an image of the brain using sound waves sent through the skull
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
cerebral atrophy wasting away of brain tissue
duritis inflammation of the dura
encephalocele hernia of the brain (normally through a defect in the skull)
hematoma a tumor-like mass made up of blood
cranial hematoma a hematoma beneath the skull
epidural hematoma a hematoma located on top of the dura
intracerebral hematoma a hematoma located inside the brain
subdural hematoma a hematoma located beneath the dura
macrocephaly abnormally large head
microcephaly abnormally small head
meningocele a hernia of the meninges
myelocele a hernia of the spinal cord
myelomalacia abnormal softening of the spinal cord
myelomeningocele a hernia of the spinal cord and meninges
neuritis nerve inflammation
neuroma a nerve tumor
neurosclerosis hardening of the nerves
polyneuritis inflammation of multiple nerves
agnosia inability to comprehend
apathy lack of emotion
atopognosis inability to locate a sensation
hyperkinesia increase in muscle movement
neurasthenia nerve weaknes
neuroglycopenia deficiency of sugar that interferes with normal brain activity
nystagmus involuntary back and forth eye movements
prosopagnosia inability to recognize faces
anesthesiologist doctor who specializes in anesthesiology
afferent nerve a nerve that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
efferent nerve a nerve that carries impulses away from the central nervous system
neurogenic originating from/created by nerves
psychogenic originating in/ created by the mind
psychiatrist doctor who specializes in treatment of the mind
psychiatry branch of medicine that focuses on treatment of the mind
psychologist doctor who specializes in the study of the mind
psychology branch of medicine that focuses on the study of the mind
psychosomatic pertaining to the relationship between the body and teh mind
idiopathic having no known cause or origin
interictal time between seizures
postictal time after a seizure
preictial time before a seizure
tonic pertaining to muscle tone (normally weak or unresponsive)
clonus muscle spasm or twitching
tonic-clonic seizure a seizure characterized by both a tonic and a clonic phase
Created by: DarrinWan