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Unit 1B 36-47

Key Terms 36-47 from Unit 1B

bicameral A two house legislature. US Congress = House of Representatives and The US Senate
federalism A government where power is divided between the national level and state level (Ex: enumerated powers and implied powers = national; reserved powers = state; concurrent powers = both)
federalist A person who supported a strong national/central government like in the US Constitution (James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay)
anti-federalist A person who supported stronger state and local governments like in the Articles of Confederation (Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Sam Adams)
Constitutional convention (1787) A meeting of delegates in Philadelphia to write the U.S. Constitution
Virginia Plan A proposal that the US Congress be bicameral and strictly based on a state’s population (obviously small states did not like this plan)
New Jersey Plan A proposal that the US Congress be unicameral and strictly based on equal representation (each state sends the same amount of people). Obviously, big states hated this plan.
Connecticut (Great) Compromise Congress that satisfied big states and small states. Congress would be bicameral. One house would be based on population (HOR) to make big states happy and the other house would be equal representation (Senate) to make small states happy.
⅗ compromise A compromise to satisfy southern states by allowing slaves to count as ⅗ of a person toward their population; this means more representation in the HOR.
Federalist papers Essays written by federalists (James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay) to convince people why a strong federal gov’t (the US Constitution) would be the best
Electoral college Group of 538 people who officially choose the President and VP of the United States after the people have voted.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Opposite of the proclamation line of 1763, this was the expansion of america toward the west by adding 5 new states.
Created by: kturlington9359