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Maders Prado chapt 5

integumentary system

QuestionAnswer
what are the 4 main parts of the integumetary system? Skin, Hair, Nails, and Glands
What is another name for the integumentary system? Subcutaneous
Reason for skin? Cushioning and insulation, protection, and waterproofing.
What is the outermost layer of the skin? Epidermis made of stratified squamous epithelium.
What is the thinest layer of the skin? Epidermis
How many layers is the epidermis? 4 or 5 depending on location.
What are the layers of the epidermis from deep to superficial? Stratum basal, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucindum (in some areas), and stratum corneum.
Where do epidermal cells rise from? Basal layer
What is the purpose of Keratinocytes? It is a protein for waterproofing.
What do Melanocytes do? Produce melanin
What two pigments are there? Melanin and carotene.
What are Langerhans cells? Type of white blood cell
What layer does hair follicles, glands, blood vessels and nerve receptors located? In the dermis
What is the innermost layer of skin called? hypodermis
The hypodermis is made of ______ connective tissue. Loose
The accessory structures of the integumentary system are the Hair, Nails, and ____. Glands
Arrector Pili muscles are what type of muscle? Smooth
Name three glands invoved with the integumentary system. Sweat, sebaceous, and mammary
What are the two types of sweat glands? Eccrine, apocrine.
Where to the eccrine glands open to? Pores on the skin surface.
Where are the apocrine glands located? Axillary, anal, and groin.
what is the role of subcutaneous fat? Regulate body temperature
If our superficial vessels vasodialated what is the result? Blushing
Superficial vessels vasoconstriced what is the result? We get cold.
Three events of wound healing are Arrival and action of immune system cells, ______ (two words), and basal leyer replaces epidermis. Fibroblast activity
A partial thickness burn is what degree(s)? First and Second
Full thickness burn is what degree(s)? Third
Created by: SMitchell24