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Basic Medical Terms

TermDefinition
Abrasion Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive
Acute New, usually of rapid onset and of concern. Opposite of chronic
Ambulate To walk from place to place
Anterior Located towards the front of the body
Artery Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Benign Normal, of no danger to health
Bradycardia Slow heart-rate (HR less than 60 bpm)
Cardiomegaly Enlarged heart
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the cholecyst (gallbladder)
Chronic Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Lung Dz commonly seen in smokers
Coronary Artery The artery that supplies heart tissue with blood
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) a.k.a. "Stroke". Lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage
Diaphoresis Sweating
Distal Farther from the trunk of the body
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity
Dyspnea Problems with breathing
Dysuria Painful urination
Ecchymosis A bruise
Edema Swelling
Emesis Vomiting
Epistaxis Nose Bleed
Erythema/ Erythematous Redness/Red
Febrile Elevated body temperature, fever, indicative of infection
Grossly Obviously; a lot; wholly
Hematemesis Very large amounts of blood in the vomit
Hematuria Very large amounts of blood in the urine
Hemoptysis Coughing up very large amounts of blood
Hemorrhage Excessive or profuse bleeding
Hepatomegaly Enlarged liver
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypotension Low blood pressure
Hypoxia Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood
Infarct Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply
Inferior Lower on the body, farther from the head
Ischemia Lack of blood supply
Laceration Splitting of the skin due to trauma ( a cut due to something sharp)
Lateral Farther from the midline (a line that can be traced from nose to belly-button)
Medial Nearer to the midline
Melena Black tarry stool
Myocardial Infarction (MI) Death of cardiac muscle due to ischemia
Myalgia Muscular pain, "muscle aches"
Oriented x3 Oriented to person, place, and time
Pallor Pale skin
Posterior/Dorsal Rear or backside of the body
Proximal Nearer to the trunk of the body
Pruritic Itchy
Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Blocking of the pulmonary artery due to a blood clot
Purulent Pus-like
Rales Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs
Rhinorrhea Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"
Rhonchi Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs
Sepsis Dangerous infection of the blood
STEMI ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia
Superior Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Supine Body position lying face up
Syncope "Passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting
Tachycardia Fast heart rate (HR greater than 100 bpm)
Tachypnea Increased breathing rate
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Minor stroke; where neurological functions is regained quickly with time
Vein Blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart
Vertigo Conditions of dizziness, "room spinning"
Wheezing High pitched sounds heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease
Created by: Wsnana