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Ch 3,4

The Language of Medicine Chabner 8th ed

QuestionAnswer
A blood cell that produces antibodies Lymphocyte
Opposite of -malacia is -sclerosis
Excessive development hypertrophy
-cele hernia
-coccus berry-shaped bacterium
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-genesis condition of producing, forming
-graphy process of recording
-emia blood condition
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
-pathy disease condition
-penia deficiency
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-phobia fear
-plasty surgical repair
-stasis stopping, controlling
-plasia development, formation, growth
-sclerosis hardening
-ptosis sag
-stomy opening to form a mouth
-tomy incision, cutting into
-ule little, small
-genic pertaining to produce
-trophy development, nourishment
-oid resembling
-ole little or small
-opsy process of viewing
-ectomy resection
record of the spinal cord myelogram
process of recording blood vessels angiography
pain of a muscle myalgia
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest thoracentesis
berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters staphlococci
resection of the voice box laryngectomy
to hold back blood from cells ischemia
hernia of the urinary bladder cystocele
fear of heights (extremeties) acrophobia
flesh (malignant) tumor of muscle myosarcoma
study of the shape (of cells) morphology
inflammation of an eyelid blepharitis
softening of cartilage chondromalacia
tumor of bone marrow myeloma
disease of heart muscle myocardiopathy
thrombocyte a clotting cell; platelet
erythrocyte a red blood cell
neutrophil a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them; polymorphonulear leukocyte
monocyte a mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte
lymphocyte a mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies
eosinophil a leukocyte whose granules turn red with stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
necrotic pertaining to death
inguinal pertaining to the groin
Located on the dorsal side of an endocrine gland in the neck parathyroid glands
Recombinant DNA Gene from one organism is inserted into another organism
Tachycardia Rapid heartbeat
Epithelium Surface cells that line internal organs and are found under the skin
Percutaneous through the skin
ante- before
anti- against
ana- up
brady- slow
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
bi- to
ad- toward
dys- abnormal
dia- complete, through
epi- above
eu- normal
intra- within
de- down, lack-of
inter- between
hypo- deficient
hyper- excessive
mal- bad
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
per- through
syn- together
neo- new
meta- beyond, change
para- abnormal, beside, near
post- after, behind
ectopic pregnancy that is out of place
euphoria good feeling (well-being)
dysplasia condition of abnormal formation (of cells)
endotracheal pertaining to within the windpipe
infracostal pertaining to below the ribs
hypoglycemia blood condition of less thatn normal sugar
antisepsis against infection
apnea not breathing
antepartum before birth
anoxia condition of no oxygen
congenital anomaly irregualrity at birth
contralateral pertaining to opposite side
metamorphosis condition change of shape or form
malaise vague feeling of bodily discomfort
pancytopenia deficiency of all blood cells
dialysis separation of wastes from the blood
metastasis spread of a cancerous tumor to a secondary organ or tissue
exophthalmos eyeballs that bulge outward
paralysis loss of movement in muscles
prodrome symptoms that appear before an illness
remission symptoms lessen
relapse disease or symptoms return
syndactyly webbed fingers or toes
inguinal pertaining to the groin
Located on the dorsal side of an endocrine gland in the neck parathyroid glands
Recombinant DNA Gene from one organism is inserted into another organism
Tachycardia Rapid heartbeat
Epithelium Surface cells that line internal organs and are found under the skin
Percutaneous through the skin
ante- before
anti- against
ana- up
brady- slow
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
bi- to
ad- toward
dys- abnormal
dia- complete, through
epi- above
eu- normal
intra- within
de- down, lack-of
inter- between
hypo- deficient
hyper- excessive
mal- bad
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
per- through
syn- together
neo- new
meta- beyond, change
para- abnormal, beside, near
post- after, behind
ectopic pregnancy that is out of place
euphoria good feeling (well-being)
dysplasia condition of abnormal formation (of cells)
endotracheal pertaining to within the windpipe
infracostal pertaining to below the ribs
hypoglycemia blood condition of less thatn normal sugar
antisepsis against infection
apnea not breathing
antepartum before birth
anoxia condition of no oxygen
congenital anomaly irregualrity at birth
contralateral pertaining to opposite side
metamorphosis condition change of shape or form
malaise vague feeling of bodily discomfort
pancytopenia deficiency of all blood cells
dialysis separation of wastes from the blood
metastasis spread of a cancerous tumor to a secondary organ or tissue
exophthalmos eyeballs that bulge outward
paralysis loss of movement in muscles
prodrome symptoms that appear before an illness
remission symptoms lessen
relapse disease or symptoms return
syndactyly webbed fingers or toes
neoplasm new growth (tumor)
transurethral pertaining to across/through the urethra
tachypnea fast/rapid breathing
Treatment means -therapy
Surgical cration of a permanent opening to the outside of the body -stomy
prolapse to slip or fall
comining form of death necr/o
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
acromegaly enlargement of extremities, top, extreme point
pain in the ear otalgia
chronic pertaining to time
small artery arteriole
instrument used to visually examine scope
a berry-shaped bacteria cocci
neutrophil granule stain that is bule and red (purple) with neutral stain; disease fighting cells that are phagocytes (eating/swallowing) that engulf/digest bacteria
instrument to record graph
angioplasty surgical repair of a vessel
pertaining to between the ribs intercostal
pertaining to opposite side contralateral
protrusion of eyeball exophtalmos
congenital anomaly irregularity in a the congenitals; hereditary passed to infant through chromosomes
sympstoms that precede an illness prodrome
symbiosis 2 organisms living together in close association
before meals antecibum
antibodies protein substances made by white blood cells in response to presence of foreign antigens
bones that grow together osteosymphysis
change in shape or form morphosis
increased development and in cell size hypertrophy
antigens substance that stimulates production of antibodies
relaps disease or its symptoms return after an apparent recovery
abductor muscle any muscle used to pull a body part away from the midline of the body
difficulty breathing dyspnea
retroperitoneal pertaining to behind the peritoneum
transurethral pertaining to across/through the urethra
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
tachypnea fast/rapid breathing
unilateral pertaining to one side
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
Created by: fallsummerspring