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Chapter 3 Wind

TermDefinition
Weather the condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
Atmosphere the envelope of gases that surrounds he planet
Water Vapor water in the form of gas
Density amount of mass in a given volume of air
Air Pressure the result of weight of a column of air pushing on an area
Barometer an instrument that measures air pressure
Mercury Barometer a long glass tube that is closed at one end and open at the other
Aneroid Barometer air tight metal chamber
Altitude distance above the sea level
trososphere the first layer of the atmosphere
strasosphere the second layer of the atmosphere and has the ozone layer
mesosphere third layer of the atmosphere
thermosphere last layer of the atmosphere and has no outer limit
ionsphere lower layer of the thermosphere
exosphere outer layer of the thermosphere
electromagnetic waves a form of energy that can move
radiation direct transfer of energy
infrared radiation long wavelength for red light
ultraviolet radiation short wavelengths for violet light
scattering when particles and gas disperse in the atmosphere
Green House Effect gas that holds in earth's atmosphere
tempature average amount of energy of motion of each particle for a substance
thermal energy measures the total energy of motion in the particles of a substance
thermometer device that allows you to measure tempature
heat is thermal energy that is transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one
convection transfer of heat by a liquid
conduction transfer of heat with two substances that are in direct contact
convection currents upward movement of hot and the downward movement of cold air
wind movement of air that is parallel to earth's surface
anemometer measures wind speed
windchill factor increased of air cooling
local winds wind that blows over short distances
sea breeze when local winds blow over a lake or ocean
land breeze flow of air to land to ocean
global winds winds that blow steadily from a specific directions over long distances
Coriolis effect when wind curves cause of the earth's rotation
latitude the distance from the equator
doldrums calm area with no wind
Created by: hoppecon