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Flavin EKG FINAL 19

EKG Flavin EKG FINAL 2019

QuestionAnswer
Electrocardiography is the test most frequently used in the diagnosis of _____________________ disease in the ambulatory care setting. heart
The electrocardiograph records both the intensity and the actual time it takes for each part of the _____________________ cycle to occur. cardiac
An irregular cardiac rhythm is called a(n) _____________________. arrhythmia
Ten sensors called _____________________ are placed on the patient's arms (two), legs (two), and chest (six) to pick up the electrical activity of the heart. electrodes
Standardization has been determined by international agreement so that an ECG can be _____________________ in the same way anywhere in the world. interpreted
Most _____________________ tracings are easily scratched or marked, so be careful not to accidentally damage the tracing with watches, rings, fingernails, or clothing buttons. ECG
An artifact is unwanted, erratic movement of the _____________________ on the paper resulting from outside interference. stylus
Baseline interruption occurs when the _____________________ connection has been interrupted. electrical
The physician can determine two important heart functions when interpreting the ECG: heart rate and heart ___________. rhythm
The implantation of a(n) _______________ into a patient sometimes corrects cardiac conduction system abnormalities. pacemaker
The sac that surrounds the heart is called the: pericardium
A heart attack is aka: MI
The inner layer of the heart is the: endocardium
pacemaker The SA node is aka:
bpm is also the: number of heart beats
A fast heartbeat over 100 is: tachycardia
Occluded means: blocked
Idiopathic htn is: The cause is unknown as to why the BP is elevated.
Angioplasty is: a procedure that is used to widen a blood vessel that is narrow or occluded.
What are the cardiac risk factors that one has no control over? Aging, gender, race, family
Lifestyle changes would include moderation of decreasing what? Cholesterol, weight, alcohol
Angina means: chest pain
Edema means: swelling
How many chest leads are there? 6
Why is it called a 12 lead? Because it is capturing 12 different views/angles.
V2 lead goes where? 4th intercostal space
The lead cord and connection to the machine will have "LL". What does it mean? Left leg
Right arm is abbreviated how on your lead? RA
Total ________: A score of less than 180 mg/dL is considered optimal. cholesterol
An ___plaque originates in the artery caused by risk factors associated w/ heart disease (e.g., smoking or htn). atherosclerotic
____, htn is dx if the pt BP is persistently higher than 119 mm Hg systolic and/or 79 mm Hg diastolic. Primary, or essential
___studies can identify occlusions of both veins and arteries from thrombi, emboli, or atherosclerotic plaques. Doppler
idiopathic means: of unknown cause
Approx. ____% of pts that have DVT are asymptomatic. fifty
An MI is identified by pain that last longer than ____ minutes and is not relieved by rest or medication for the chest pain. 30
What medication is given for chest pain? Nitroglycerin
What do you use on the patients skin to prep? ALCOHOL
If the Dr. asked you to get a 30 second rhythm strip you would run what lead? LEAD II
What do you call a heart doctor? CARDIOLOGIST
What position is the patient in for the EKG? SUPINE
What information should be obtained when running an EKG? PT FULL NAME, DOB, DOS, TIME, ALLERGIES, MEDICATIONS, & WAIVER SIGNED
When listening to a BP reading the ______artery is used BRACHIAL
When obtaining a pulse the most common site used is ______ RADIAL
Artifacts are caused by patient: MUSCLE TWITCHING, COUGH, MOVEMENT
A full heart beat consists of what waves? P,Q,R,S,T
ARRHYTHMIA _____ is an Irregular heart rhythm.
The electrocardiograph records both the ___ of the electrical impulses and the actual time it takes for each part of the cardiac cycle to occur. Intensity
When the electrical system of the heart stimulates myocardial cells, ____ occurs, resutling in the contraction of the stimulated heart muscle. depolarization
____ leads measure the electrical activity among six specific points on the chest wall and a point within the heart. precordial
has been determined by international agreement so that an ECG can be interpreted in the same way anywhere in the world. standardization
A ___ is an unwanted, erratic movement of the stylus on the paper caused by outside interference. artifact
To calculate the heart rate from the ECG recording, count the number of P waves in a ____ strip (30 large squares) and multiply by 10. six second
___occurs when the atria contract before they should for the next cardiac cycle. PAC
An implanted cardioverter-defibrillator, or ICD, monitors the heart rhythm and delivers a(n) ___ to the heart if it detects a dangerous ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation. shock
Cardiac ___ is performed to observe and record the patients cardiovascular response to measured exercise challenges. stress testing
The ______ is a small recording device that can be worn up to 30 days to catch events that are difficult to record in a 24-hour period on a Holter monitor. cardiac event monitor
What wave can be flat or buried after an ablation? P
An _____plaque originates at the site of a chronic injury to the endothelial lining of the artery caused by risk factors associated with heart disease (e.g., smoking or hypertension). atherosclerotic
Total cholesterol: A score of less than _____ is considered optimal. 180 mg/dL
Symptoms of an MI are similar to those of angina; however, an MI is identified by pain that lasts longer than ____and is not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin tablets. 30 minutes
_____ (grows) form along the outer edges of the valve cusps, causing scarring and stenosis and preventing the damaged heart valve from closing or opening completely. Vegetations
Oxygen-_____ blood is returned to the left atrium via the pulmonary veins. rich
________can identify occlusions of both veins and arteries from thrombi, emboli, or atherosclerotic plaques. Doppler studies
Bradycardia is anything under ___ 60
Tachycardia is anything over ____ 100
When the EKG has a straight line it is called ____. A systole
Automated external defibrillator should be _________ ASAP. applied, turned on, and the prompts followed
A female should be asked to disrobe from the waist up and the cape should be opened to the ___. front
If the persons BP is elevated should you tell them they have HTN? NO! Never dx the pt.
A pt having a fasting lipid panel is having what checked? The fats in their body.
Created by: Iteach4Docs