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Unit 1B 1-12

Key terms 1-12 from Unit 1B

TermDefinition
Magna Carta English document written in 1215 that limited the power of nobility over the people of England; many rights found in our US Bill of Rights come from this document.(Ex: free petition, protect from cruel punishments, speedy/public trial)
English Bill of Rights A set of basic civil rights written by British Parliament in 1689; this document also influenced our US Bill of Rights (Ex: bear arms, quartering of troops, due process)
US Bill of Rights Passed in 1791, these were rights given to Americans to protect their liberties from our own federal government (Ex: speech, bear arms, due process, lawyer, etc.); they are the first 10 amendments added to the US Constitution.
Parliament The name given to Britain’s (United Kingdom) legislative body; It is broken into a House of Lords and House of Commons; unlike the US, Britain DOES NOT have a true separation of powers in their parliamentary system.
Prime Minister This is like Britain’s version of a President; however, the people DO NOT elect the Prime Minister. The PM is chosen by Parliament FROM Parliament.
Mercantilism A colonial economic system where one country (Ex: Britain) exploits another territory (Ex: American colonies) for their resources so they can get rich.
French and Indian War War between Britain/colonies v. French/Indians over territorial rights. The British/colonies won but at great cost to the British. This will eventually lead to those dreaded taxes colonists had to pay which led to conflict between colonies and Britain.
Proclamation Line of 1763 An Imaginary border drawn by the British along the Appalachian mountain chain designed to prevent colonial expansion to the western frontier; they didn’t want to create more conflict in the aftermath of the French and Indian War.
New England colonies (northern colonies) The territory related to the four colonies in the northeastern region of America (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island); they were known for the shipping, ship building, trade etc.
Middle Colonies The region in the center of colonial America (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware); they were known for their combination of agriculture and shipping
Southern colonies The region in the southern part of colonial America (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia); they were known for large plantation farming and slave labor.
Plantations Large farming estates generally worked by slaves; mainly in the south
Created by: kturlington9359