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Medical Terminology

Chapter 5

TermDefinition
Superior (cranial) above; toward the head
Inferior (caudal) below; toward the lower end of the body or tail
Anterior (ventral) front surface of the body
Posterior (dorsal) back surface of the body
Medial toward the midline of the body
Lateral Away from the midline of the body
Proximal Nearest the point of attachment to the trunk
Distal Farthest from the point of attachment to the trunk
Superficial Near the surface of the body
Deep Away from the surface of the body
Supine lying on the back, face up
Prone lying on the abdomen, face down
Plantar sole of the foot
Dorsum Upper portion of the foot
Peripheral away from the center
Frontal or Coronal Plane separates a structure into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
Sagittal Plane separates a structure into right and left sides
Midsagittal Plane separates a structure into equal right and left sides
Transverse or Horizontal Plane separates a structure into superior and inferior portions
anter/o front
caud/o tail
dors/o back
infer/o inferior
inguin/o groin
medi/o midle
phren/o diaphragm
poster/o posterior
proxim/o near
super/o superior
ventr/o front
gastr/o stomach
ili/o hip
-al pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
LLQ left lower quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
Created by: JennGuest02