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Ch 12-Respiratiry

The Language of Medicine 11th Edition

QuestionAnswer
Tubes that branch from the windpipe (trachea): bronchi
Region between the lungs in the chest: mediastinum
Nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue: adenoids
Air sac in the lung: alveolus
Muscle separating the chest and abdomen that contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible: diaphragm
Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing: epiglottis
The voice box: larynx
The throat: pharynx
The windpipe: trachea
Double-layered membrane surrounding each lung: pleura
A combining form for carbon dioxide: capn/o
The combining form for dust: coni/o
The combining form for voice box: laryng/o
The combining form for throat: pharyng/o
The combining form for voice: phon/o
A combining form for lung: pneum/o
A combining form for nose: rhin/o
The combining form for breathing: spir/o
The suffix that means smell: -osmia
The suffix that means breathing: -pnea
The combining form that means air sac: alveol/o
The combining form that means blue: cyan/o
The combining form that means straight, upright: orth/o
A combining form that means chest: pector/o
The combining form that means diaphragm: phren/o
The combining form that means windpipe: trache/o
The suffix that means spitting: -ptysis
A suffix that means chest: -thorax
The suffix that means condition: -ema
A combining form that means lung: pulmon/o
Listening to sounds within the body: auscultation
Fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation when bronchi are obstructed by sputum: rales
Material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting: sputum
Acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor: croup
Nosebleed: epistaxis
Whooping cough: pertussis
Chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection: bronchiectasis
Large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs: pulmonary abscess
Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli: atelectasis
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls: emphysema
Abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs: pneumoconiosis
Fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles: pulmonary edema
Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung: pulmonary embolism
Rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura caused by asbestos exposure: mesothelioma
Collection of air in the pleural space: pneumothorax
Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs: pulmonary fibrosis
Chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs: sarcoidosis
Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure: percussion
Loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum: rhonchi
Strained, high-pitched sound(s) heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx: stridor
Radiographic image of the thoracic cavity: chest x-ray
Detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope: ventilation-perfusion scan
Fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes: bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the voice box: laryngoscopy
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum: mediastinoscopy
Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs: PFTs
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space: thoracentesis
Large surgical incision of the chest: thoracotomy
Visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope: thoracoscopy
Surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck: tracheostomy
Created by: misscollin