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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

CHAP. 23

QuestionAnswer
PROCESS BY WHICH THE END-PRODUCTS OF DIGESTION MOVE ACROSS THE WALLS FO THE ALIMENTARY CANAL INTO THE BLOOD ABSORPTION
THE HOLLOW TUBE THAT EXTENDS FROM THE MOUTH TO THE ANUS ALIMENTARY CANAL
PROCESS BY WHICH FOOD IS BROKEN DOWN INTO SIMPLER SUBSTANCES THAT CAN BE ABSORBED DIGESTION
TYPE OF DIGESTION THAT PHYSICALLY BREAKS FOOD INTO SMALLER PIECES MECHANICAL DIGESTION
BALL-LIKE MASS OF FOOD THAT IS MEXED WITH SALIVA IN THE MOUTH/ IT IS SWALLOWED AND TURNED INTO CHYME IN THE STOMACH BOLUS
TYPE OF DIGESTION ACCOMPLISHED BY THE DIGESTIVE ENZYMES CHEMICAL DIGESTION
ALSO CALLED THE DIGESTIVE TRACT OR THE GASTROINTESTINAL (HI) TRACT ALIMENTARY CANAL
TYPE OF DIGESTION THAT INCLUDES THE CHEWING AND MASHING OF FOOD MECHANICAL DIGESTION
SECTETION OF THE SALIVARY GLANDS; CONTAINS WATER, ELECTROLYTES, MUCUS, AND PTYALIN SALIVA
PARTIALLY DIGESTED FOOD THAT IS MASHED INTO A PASTELIKE CONSISTENCY IN THE STOMACH CHYME
A DEFIEIENCY OF THIS SUBSTANCE LEADS TO PERNICIOUS ANEMIA INTRINSIC FACTOR
A SUBSTANCE THAT IS SECRETED BY THE PARITAL CELLS OF THE STOMACH; IT LOWERS THE GASTRIC pH HYDROCHLORIC ACID
A SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY THE LIVER AND STORED IN THE GALLBLADDER BILE
ENZYME FOUND IN SALIVA; ALSO CALLED PTYALIN AMYLASE(S)
CLASSIFICATION OF PEPSIN, TRYPSIN, CHYMOTRYPSIN, AND ENTEROKINASE PROTEASES
SUCRASE, MALTASE, LACTASE DISACCHARIDEASES
MILKY-WHITE LYMPH CAUSED BY FAT DIGESTION CHYLE
A SUBSTANCE SECRETED BY THE PARIETAL CELLS OF THE STOMACH; IT IS MECESSARY FOR THE ABSORPTION OF VITAMIN B12 INTRINSIC FACTOR
ENZYMES THAT DIGEST PROTEINS TO SMALL PEPTIDES AND AMINO ACIDS PROTEASES
A HORMONE SECRETED BY THE WALS OF THE DOUDENUM; IT STIMULATES THE PANCREAS TO SECRETE A BICARBONATE-RICH SUBSTANCE SECRETIN
AN EMULSIFING AGENT BILE
A HOROMONE SECRETED BY THE WALLS OF THE DUODENUM; IT CAUSES THE GALLBLADDER TO CONTRACT AND EJECT BILE INTO THE COMMON BILE DUCT CHOLECYSTOKININ
SECRETION OF THE GLANDS OF THE STOMACH; IT CONTAINS HCI, INTRINSIC FACTOR, WATER, ELETROLYTES, AND DIGESTIVE ENZYMES GASTRIC JUICE
ORGAN THAT PRODUCES BILE AND SECRETES IT INTO THE HEPATIC BILE DUCTS LIVER
STRUCTURE THAT DIRECTS FOOD AND WATER AWAY FROM THE LARYNX INTO THE ESOPHAGUS EPIGLOTTIS
THE "FOOD TUBE;" IT CARRIES FOOD FROM THE PHARYNX TO THE STOMACH ESOPHAGUS
THE COMMON BILE DUCT EMPTIES BILE INTO THIS STRUCTURE SMALL INTESTINE
PEAR-SHAPED SAC THAT ATTACHES TO THE UNDERSIDE OF THE LIVER; IT CONCETRATES AND STORES BILE GALLBLADDER
THE PARIETAL CELLS OF THIS ORGAN SECRETE HYDROCHLORIC ACID AND INTRINSIC FACTOR STOMACH
ORGAN THAT IS CONNECTED TO THE COMMON BILE DUCT BY THE CYSTIC DUCT GALLBLADDER
ORGAN THAT IS DIVIDED INTO THE FUNDUS, BODY, AND PYLORUS STOMACH
MOST DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION OCCUR WITHINN THIS STRUCTURE SMALL INTESTINE
THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THIS ORGAN IS TO DELIVER CHYME TO THE DUODENUM AT THE PROPER RATE STOMACH
THE WALLS OF THIS ORGAN ARE THROWN INTO FOLDS CALLED RUGAE STOMACH
DIVISIONS INCLUDE THE CECUM, COLON, RECTUM, AND ANAL CANAL LARGE INTESTINE
ORGAN THAT SECRETES THE MOST POTENT DIGESTIVE ENZYMES PANCREAS
AN INFLAMMATION OF ONE OF THESE STRUCTURES IS CALLED MUMPS SALIVARY GLANDS
ORGAN THAT CONTAINS MUCUS CELLS, PARIETAL CELLS, AND CHIEF CELLS STOMACH
THE INNER LINING OF THIS STRUCTURE IS CHARACTERIZED BY VILLI AND MICROVILLI; BRUSH BORDER CELLS SMALL INTESTINE
DIVISOINS INCLUDE THE DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, AND ILEUM SMALL INTESTINE
LANDMARKS OF THIS ORGAN INCLUDE THE GRATER CURVATURE AND LESSER CURVATURE STOMACH
THIS STRUCTURE HAS BENDS OR CURVES CALLED THE HEPATIC FLEXURE AND THE SPLENIC FLEXURE LARGE INTESTINE
THE WALLS OF THIS STRUCTURE SECRETE CHOLECYSTOKININ SMALL INTESTINE
THE APPENDIX IS ATTACHED TO THIS STRUCTURE LARGE INTESTINE
A COLOSTOMY IS A SURGICAL PROCEDURE PERFORMED ON THIS STRUCTURE LARGE INTESTINE
DTHE PYLORUS CONNECTS THE STOMACH WITH THIS STRUCTURE SMALL INTESTINE
THIS IS DELIVERED TO THE DUODENUM BY THE STOMACH CHYME
THE MESENTERY, OMENTUM, AND PERITONEAL MEMBRANES ARE SEEROUS MEMBRANES LOCATED WITHIN WHAT CAVITY? ABDOMINAL
STORED BY THE GALLBLADDER AND RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO CCK BILE
WHICH STRUCTURE DOES NOT "SEE" BILE? PORTAL VEIN
THIS DIGESTS CARBOHYDRATES AN AMYLASE
SECRETED IN RESPONSE TO THE PRESENCE OF FAT IN THE DUODENUM CHOLECYSTOKININ
A PARALYTIC ILEUS IS A CESSATION OF WHAT? PERISTALIS
3 SALIVARY GLANDS ARE: SUBLINGUAL, SUBMANDIBULAR, AND PARODTID
3 PARTS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE ARE: DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, AND ILEUM
3 DIGESTIVE ENZYMES ARE: AMYLASE, PROTEASE, AND LIPASE
3 PARTS OF THE STOMACH ARE: PYLORUS, FUNDUS, AND BODY
3 HORMONES ARE: GASTRIN, SECTRETIN, AND CHOLECYSTOKININ
3 PARTS OF THE BILIARY TREE STRUCTURES ARE: CYSTIC DUCT, HEPATIC DUCTS, AND COMMON BILE DUCT
3 CELLS IN THE STOMACH ARE: CHIEF, PARITAL, AND MUCUS-SECRETING
3 BLOOD VESSELS OF THE PORTAL SYSTEM ARE: PORTAL VEIN, SUPERIOR MESENTERIC VEIN, AND SPLENIC VEIN
Created by: aantonino
 

 



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