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Directional Terms

Anatomy

TermDefinition
Superior meaning ABOVE or TOWARD the top of a particular location
Inferior meaning BELOW or TOWARD the bottom of a particular location
Anterior meaning in FRONT of TOWARD the front of a particular location
Posterior meaning BEHIND or TOWARD the back of a particular location
midline this is the line located HALF WAY between the RIGHT and LEFT SIDES of a structure (courses from superior to inferior)
medial meaning TOWARD the mid-line of a particular structure
lateral meaning TO THE SIDE OF or AWAY from the mid-line of a particular structure
proximal used within the limbs; meaning TOWARD the ATTACHMENT POINT
distal used within the limbs; meaning FARTHER AWAY from the ATTACHMENT POINT
superficial meaning ON or TOWARD the surface
deep meaning BELOW or FARTHER AWAY from the surface
section a CUT through A STRUCTURE to allow a view of ADDITIONAL structures within
sagittal section a cut THROUGH a structure that courses from SUPERIOR to INFERIOR, diving the structure into LEFT and RIGHT parts
frontal section a cut THROUGH a structure that courses from LEFT to RIGHT, dividing the structure into ANTERIOR and POSTERIOR parts
transverse/horizontal section a cut THROUGH a structure that courses from ANTERIOR to POSTERIOR, dividing the structure into SUPERIOR and INFERIOR parts.
Created by: Shannona3