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Key terms- Health

Chapter 2 Key Terms for Intro to Health

AHCPR Agency for Health care Policy and research. -federal agency to research the quality of health care and identify standards of treatment that should be provided. -established 1990
assisted living facilities -allows people who can care for themselves rent or purchase an apartment in the facility. -provides meals, housekeeping, etc.
CDC -Center for Dieasase Control and Prevention -another division of the USDHHS -concerned with causes, spreads, and control of diseases in populations.
clinics -also called satellite clinics or satellite centers -health care facilities found in many types of health care. -group of medical or dental doctors whom share a facility
dental offices -vary in size -some privately owned by 1 or more dentists, and some are dental clinics that hire a group of dentists. -include general care provided to all age groups or specialized care for offered age groups -or for certain dental conditions
emergency care services -provide special care for victims in accident or sudden illnesses. -includes ambulance,rescue squads,emergency care clinics, emergency rooms,and helicopter or plane.
FDA -Food and Drug Administration -federal agency responsible for regulating food and drug products sold to the public.
genetic counseling centers -can be private facilities or public(hospitals, clinics, etc.) -counselors work with couples or individuals who are pregnant or considering a pregnancy.
health departments -provide health services as directed by the USDHHS -provide specific services needed by the state or local community(immunization,etc.)
health insurance plans -to lower the cost of health care and ensure citizens can afford health care
HMOs -Health maintenance organization -another type of health insurance plan where a monthly fee or premium is paid for membership. -fee stays the same regardless of amount of health care used.
home health care -designed to provide care in the patient's house. -frequently used by elderly and disabled.
hospice -provide care for terminally ill persons with life expectancies of 6 months or less.
hospitals -one of the major types of health care facilities. -vary in size
independent living facilities -allows individuals to purchase an apartment where health care, food, and housekeeping is provided.
industrial health care centers -"occupational health clinics" -found in large companies or industries -provide health care for employees of the industry by performing basic examinations, teaching accident prevention and safety, and providing emergency care.
laboratories -often a part of other facilities but can operate as separate health care services. -perform special diagnostic tests such as blood or urine tests.
LTCs or LTCFs -Long term care facilities -mainly provide care for elderly 0also prvide care for handicapped or disabled
managed care -all health care provided to a patient must have a purpose
Medicaid -a medical assistance program operated by individual states.
medical offices -offices that specialized in a certain condition(cardiology) or age group(pediatrics)
Medicare -a federal government program that provides health care for almost all individuals over the age of 65
mental health facilites -treat patients with mental disorders and diseases
NIH -National Institutes of Health -a division of the USDHHS involved in research on disease
nonprofit agencies -supported by donations, membership fees, fundraisers, and federal or state grants. -provide health services at national, state and local levels
OSHA -Occupational Safety and Health Administration -establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses.
optical centers -eye care -provide vision examinations, prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses, and check for the presence of eye diseases.
organizational structure -indicates areas of responsibility and lead to the most efficient operation of the facility.
PPO -preferred provider organization -another type of health insurance plane provided by large industries that forms a contract with certain health care agencies.
rehabilitation facilites -provide care to help patients with physical or mental disabilities obtain maximum self-care and function.
school health services -found in schools and colleges
TRICARE -military and those on duty health care(for them and their families).
USDHHS -U.S. Department of Health and Human Services -a national agency that deals with the health problems in the US
voluntary agencies -non profit agencies -supported by donations, membership fees, fundraisers, and federal or state grants. -provide health services at national, state and local levels.
Workers' Compensation -health insurance plan providing treatment for workers injured on the job. -administered by the state
WHO -World Health organization -international agency sponsored by the UN 0publushes health info. and investigates and and addresses serious health problems throughout the world.
Created by: 1434581865