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Medical terminology

TermDefinition
Seb Sebaceous glands
Cutane, dermat, derm Skin
Hidr Sweat glands
Pil Hair
Oste, oss, ost Bones
Chondr Cartilage
Arthr Joints
Ligament Ligaments
Myel Bone marrow
Fasci Fascia
My Muscles
Ten, tend, tendin Tendons
Encephal Brain
Acoust, ot Ears
Ocul, ophtalm Eyes
Neur Nerves
Myel Spinal cord
Arteri Arteries
Hem, hemat Blood
Card, cardi Heart
Phleb, ven Veins
Capill Capillaries
Lymph Lymph
Splen Spleen
Thym Thymus
Tonsil Tonsils
Laryng Larynx
Pneum, pneumon Lungs
Nas Nose
Pharyng Pharynx
Trache Trachea
Sinus Sinuses
Esophag Esophagus
Col Large intestine
Hepat Liver
Or Mouth
Pancrat Pancreas
Enter Small intestine
Gastr Stomach
Nephr, ren Kidneys
Ureter Ureters
Urethra Urethra
Cyst, vesic Urinary bladder
Adren Adrenals
Gonad Gonads
Pancreat Pancreas
Thym Thymus
Thyroid Thyroid
Orch, orchid, test, testicul Testicles
Oophor, ovari Ovaries
Hyster, metr, metri, uter Uterus
Parathyroid Parathyroid glands
Pineal Pineal
Pituit Pituitary
A-, an- Without or absence of
Ab- From or away
Ad- To or towards
Ana- Up
Ante- Before
Anti- Against
Append- To hang something
Bi-, bin- Two
Brady- Slow
Contra- Against
Di- Two
Dis- To undo; free from
Ecto-, exo-, extra- Outside
Endo- Within
Epi- Upon
Erythr- Red
Glyc- Sweet
Hyper- Over
Hypo- Under
Im- Not
Infra- Beneath; below
Inter- Between
Intra- Inside
Iso- Equal
Macro- Large
Mal- Bad
Meso- Middle
Meta- After
Micro- Small
Mono- One
Multi- Many
Mut- Change
Neo- New
Para- Beside
Pantho- Disease
Peri- Surrounding
Coly- Many
Post- After
Pre- Before
Pseudo- False
Re- Back, again
Retro- Backward or behind
Semi- Half
Sub- Under or below
Super- Over or above
Syn- Together or joined
Tachy- Fast
Tetra- Four
Trans- Through, across, beyond
Tri- Three
Ultra- Beyond; excess
Uni- One
-al Pertaining to
-ase Enzyme
-blast Budding
-centesis Surgical puncture
-cidal Causing death
-clast Broken
-crit To separate
-cyte Cell
-ectomy Excision or surgical removal
-emia Blood condition
-emesis Vomiting
-gen, -genesis, -genic Producing
-glia Glue
-gram Something written
-ia State of
-iac, -ic, -ior Pertaining to
-ism Condition of, diseased or abnormal state
-itia, -itis Inflammation
-logy Study of
-lyte Dissolvable
-lytic Destroy; reduce
-mania Madness or insane desire
-megaly Enlargement
-meter Instrument used to measure
-odia Smell
-ologist One who studies and practices
-oma Tumor or swelling
-opia Vision
-opsy To view
-orrhea Flow, excessive discharge
-orrhexis Rupture
-osis Abnormal increase in production
-ostomy Creation of an artificial opening
-otomy Cut into or incision
-oxia Oxygen
-pathy Disease
-sclerosis Hardening
-scope Instrument used for visual examination
-scopy Visual examination
-sepsis Infection
-spasm Sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-stasis Control or stop
-tomy Cutting
-tropic Influencing
Ht, ht Height
Inj Injection
I and O, I/O Intake and output
IV Intravenous
K+, K Potassium
mg Millingram
N&V Nausea and vomiting
Na+, Na Sodium
NC Nanocurie
NPO Nothing by mouth
NPO p MN Nothing my mouth after midnight
AA Alcoholic anonymous
a.c. Before meals
AD, a.d. Right ear
ad lib As desired
AM, am Morning, before noon
AS, a.s. Left ear
AU, a.u. Both ears
BE Barium enema
BID, b.i.d, bid Twice a day
BP Blood pressure
BR Bed rest
BRP Bathroom privileges
BM Bowel movement
Bx Biopsy
C (with line above it) With
CA, Ca Calcium
cap Capsule
Disc, DC, d.c. Doctor of chiropractic
DNR Do not resuscitate
Dx, dx Diagnosis
ED Emergency department
ER Emergency room
Fx, fx Fracture
g, gm Gram
gt, gtt Drop, drops
h Hydrogen
h.s. Hour of sleep (bedtime)
Oint., Ung Ointment
OOB Out of bed
OTC Over the counter
oz. Ounce
P Pulse, phosphorus
p.c. After meals
pH Measure of acidity/alkalinity
PM, p.m. After noon
PO, po, p.o. By mouth
PRN Whenever necessary, as needed
q.am Everyday before noon
q.h. Every hour
q.i.d. On the prescription (4 times a day)
QNS Quantity not sufficient
q.s. Quantity sufficient
r, R Respiration
Rx Prescription
S (with line above) Without
SOB Short of breath
ss Steady state
stat Immadiately
syr Syrup
susp Suspension
sup., supp. Supplement
T Tension
tab Tablet
tbsp Table spoon
TID, t.i.d. Three times a day
TPR Temperature
tsp Tea spoon
Tx Treatment
VS Vital signs
W/C, w/c Wheel chair
Oint., Ung Ointment
OOB Out of bed
OTC Over the counter
oz. Ounce
P Pulse, phosphorus
p.c. After meals
pH Measure of acidity/alkalinity
PM, p.m. After noon
PO, po, p.o. By mouth
PRN Whenever necessary, as needed
q.am Everyday before noon
q.h. Every hour
q.i.d. On the prescription (4 times a day)
QNS Quantity not sufficient
q.s. Quantity sufficient
r, R Respiration
Rx Prescription
S (with line above) Without
SOB Short of breath
ss Steady state
stat Immadiately
syr Syrup
susp Suspension
sup., supp. Supplement
T Tension
tab Tablet
tbsp Table spoon
TID, t.i.d. Three times a day
TPR Temperature
tsp Tea spoon
Tx Treatment
VS Vital signs
W/C, w/c Wheel chair
Created by: zoezobro6