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|What is pharmacology?
|the study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms
|each drug can be categorized under a broad subcategory or subcategories
|How are drugs classified?
|by their chemical composition, by how they work, by the disease they treat
|What is generic name?
|reflects the chemical name but in shorter form
|What is brand name?
|the name the manufacturer uses to market the drug
|What are indications?
|the reason for administering a medication or performing a treatment
|What are contra-indications?
|a factor that prevents the use of a medication or treatment
|What is a dose?
|the amount of drug to be given at one time
|What is mechanism of action?
|how a drug works, very technical and geared to the pharmacist
|What are effects?
|the desired results of administration of a medication
|What are side effects?
|effects that are not desired and can occur in addition to desired effects
|What are the body systems?
|skeletal, muscular, circulatory, reproductive, endocrine, digestive, urinary, nervous, lymphatic, respiratory
|What are drugs?
|the chemical substance that cause changes, physical or emotional in an individual
|What is medicine?
|a drug used to prevent, treat, or cure an illness or pain
|Drugs have 3 qualities to be a medicine, what are they?
|effective, safeness, side effects
|written order by the doctor
|Over the counter?
|purchased without a prescription
|What is sublingual?
|medicine that goes under the tongue
|What is oral?
|the drug or medicine is swallowed and absorbed through the stomach and intestinal tract
|What is FDA?
|food and drug administration
|What is inhalation?
|a gas or aerosol inhaled by the patient
|What is injection?
|the drug is injected into a muscle mass
|What are other routes of administration?
|nasogastric tube, G-tube, peg tube, rectal
|compressed powder shaped into a disk
|Ex: nitroglycerin sublingual spray
|Ex: albuterol by small volume nebulizer
|substance the patient swallows
|drug particles mixed
|fine powder for inhalation?
|Ex: albuterol by hand-held metered-dose inhaler
|What are drug forms?
|cap (capsule), elix (elixir), gtt (drop), supp(suppository), susp(suspension), tab(tablet)
|What are the four phases of pharmacokinetics?
|1. drug absorption into the bloodstream 2. drug distribution to their site of action 3. drug metabolism by the body 4.drug elimination from the body
|What are the factors influencing metabolism?
|liver function, effects of the disease, effects of age, interactions of 2 or more drugs
|What helps with medication metabolism?
|What are the steps to administering a medication?
|obtain the order, confirm the order, select the proper medication, verify form and route, inform patient of order, recheck the medication