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Final Review-Govt.

QuestionAnswer
The word democracy comes from the ______________language and means ________. ______________. Greek; people rule
Which ancient civilization first came of the idea of democracy? ____________________ Greece
Which ancient civilization came up with the idea of a republic, or representative democracy? _______________________________ Rome
What type of government has a king or queen as its ruler? _________________________ monarchy
A ____________________ is a person who rules with total control, power, and authority. dictator
________________________ wrote the Declaration of Independence and it was approved on July 4, _______. Thomas Jefferson; 1776
The ______________ to the Constitution is a short introduction that states the goals and purposes of the Constitution. Preamble
Article I describes the _____________________ branch. legislative
Article II describes the ____________________ branch. executive
Article III describes the _____________________ branch. judicial
Article IV concerns the relationship among the ___________________ and between the states and the ____________________ government. states; national
Article V describes how to _________________ the Constitution. amend
Article VI deals with public debt, oaths of office and the ___________________ of the national government. supremacy
Article VII describes how the Constitution was __________________. ratified
Amendment ________ guarantees freedom of religion, of speech, of the press, and right to assemble peaceably, and to petition the government. 1
Amendment _______ prohibits the quartering of troops in one’s house without the consent of the owner. 3
Amendment _______ prohibits self-incrimination and guarantees other rights of accused persons. 5
Amendment _______ protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure by government officials. 4
Amendment ________ guarantees the right to organize state militias and to bear arms. 2
Amendment ________ prohibits excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment 8
Amendment ________ guarantees the right to a speedy trial by jury in criminal cases and right to a lawyer. 6
Amendment ________ guarantees the right to a trial by jury in most civil cases. 7
Amendment ________ powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states or the people. 10
Amendment ________ the people have rights other than those explicitly expressed in the Constitution. 9
Over the years, how many amendments have been added to the Constitution? ______ 27
The Bill of Rights refers to _________. the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments apply primarily to the rights of _______________. African-Americans
Which amendment lowered the voting age to eighteen? _____________________ 26th
Which amendment gave women the right to vote? _______________ 19th
In order for a constitutional amendment that has passed Congress to become law it must be approved by must be approved by _______ 3/4 of the state legislatures
The Constitution was written in _________________. 1787
The Congress is made up of the ______________ and the ____________________. House of Rep. and the Senate
Which house is based on population? House of Representatives
Which house has 100 members? Senate
Representatives serve a __________ -year term while Senators serve a ___________-year term. 2; 6
Who can bring charges of impeachment against the President? House of Representatives
Who has the power to conduct an impeachment trial? Senate
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is ___________ Speaker of the House
A permanent committee in Congress is called a ______ committee. standing
What is a proposed law called? a bill
What factor determines who will get a committee chairmanship in Congress? seniority
Congress meets on _______3rd of every odd-numbered year. January
Only ______ of the Senate faces reelection every two years. 1/3
How many senators does each state have? 2
A representative must be at least ____ years old, while a senator must be at least _______ years old. 25; 30
There are ________ seats in the House of Representatives. 435
Oregon has ______ representatives in the House. 5
The name of my House Representative is ___________ . Peter DeFazio
The names of my two Senators are __________ and ________. Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley
The ___________ Clause of the Constitution gives Congress the power to make laws as needed. Necessary and Proper (Elastic)
The most important function of Congress is to ________. pass laws
Only ______ has the power to declare war. Congress
Congress cannot take away the rights guaranteed individuals in the _______________ ____________________________. Bill of Rights
The three branches of government are ________ , ________ , and ____ branches. legislative; executive; judicial
A President’s veto can be overridden by a ________ majority vote of both house of Congress. 2/3
The __________ can call the Congress into special session to deal with a serious national problem. President
Which article of the Constitution sets up the executive branch? 2
The chief responsibility of the president is to _______ laws. enforce
The ____________ becomes President if the President cannot carry out the duties of the office. Vice-President
The people vote for President and Vice President every ______ years on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in the month of ________. 4; November
A candidate for President must be a _________________ American citizen, at least ______ years old, and a resident of the U.S. for at least _____ years. natural-born; 35; 14
The _______________ is a group of persons who vote for President and V.P. Electoral College
A candidate must win at least _____ of the ______ electoral votes possible to become President. 270; 538
Oregon has _____ electoral votes. 7
A President can only serve ____ four-year terms as outlined by the _______ Amendment passed in 1951. 2; 22nd
_____________ set the tradition of serving only two terms while _______ is the only President to serve more than two terms. George Washington; Franklin Roosevelt
________________ was the last candidate to win the popular vote, but lose the electoral vote. Hillary Clinton
The President is the _____________ of the armed forces. commander-in-chief
In the _________________ address, the President tells the whole nation about the condition of the country. State of the Union
The ________Amendment provides for filling a vacancy in the office of President or Vice President. 25th
The President’s __________ is made up of the heads of the fifteen executive departments. cabinet
The President appoints cabinet members, federal judges, ambassadors, and other persons to federal office, but they must be approved by the ________. Senate
____________ has the power to declare war. Congress
___________ means the vote of the people. Popular vote
__________are presidential rules that have the force of law. Executive orders
___________ is the right of the president to withhold information from Congress, the courts, or the public. Executive privilege
A(n) _________ is a formal agreement between 2 or more sovereign nations that requires 2/3 approval by the Senate. treaty
The ____________ is the law passed in 1973, that restricts the president’s use of U.S. combat troops & authorizes Congress to order troops home. War Powers Act
A ____________ is an act that free persons from responsibility and punishment for a crime. pardon
______________ is a presidential agreement, not requiring the Senate’s approval, with another head of state. Executive agreement
The __________ can serve as acting President if the President is temporarily unable to assume his responsibilities. Vice-President
The judicial branch is outlined in Article _____ of the Constitution. 3
The federal court system includes the following courts: ________________ courts, courts of __________________ and the __________________ Court . district; appeals; Supreme
Cases that involve ______________ laws are tried in the federal court system. federal (national)
Every state has at least one _____________ court and district courts are the only federal courts that use _________________. district; juries
The right to a jury trial in a criminal case is guaranteed by the __________ Amendment. 6th
Accused people who feel their trial was unfair in a district court may go to the next level in the federal court system, which is the _________________________________ U.S. Court of Appeals
The ______________ set up the United States Courts of Appeals in 1891. Congress
Oregon is in the ____________ judicial circuit. 9th
How many judges are there on a court of appeals? ___________ 3
The court of appeals review the legal _________________ and ______________ the laws, but they do not try the facts of the case again. procedures; interprets
What happens if the court of appeals decides that justice was not done and the trial was not fair? _______________ it sends the case back to the district court for a new trial
The ___________ is the highest court in the nation. Supreme Court
There are ____ justices on the Supreme Court. 9
The head justice is called the _______ while the other eight are called ________________ justices. Chief Justice; associate
The ______________ makes all appointments to the Court, while the ______________ must approve of the appointments. President; Senate
A Supreme Court justice serves for a _________ term. life
The Supreme Court session begins the first Monday in ______________ and usually goes until late ______________. October; June
A carefully worded statement that explains why a decision was made is called an _______________. opinion
The main function of the Supreme Court is to decide whether a law or act is __________________. constitutional
_______________ was the first female Supreme Court justice. Sandra Day O' Connor
________________ was the first African American appointed to the Supreme Court. Thurgood Marshall
Those powers not expressly stated in the Constitution but are reasonably suggested by the expressed powers are called __________________ powers. implied
Those powers that are delegated to the National Government that are spelled out in the Constitution; also called enumerated powers. expressed
Those powers that belong to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community. inherent
Those powers exercised solely by the National Government. delegated
Those powers not denied to the States, and not granted specifically to the National Government by the Constitution. reserved
Those powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercise. concurrent
The power to declare war is a(n) _________ power of the national government. exclusive
The power to collect taxes is a(n) _________ power of national and state governments. concurrent
The power to establish schools is a(n) _________ power of the states. reserved
____________________ is a system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government between a national government and several state governments. Federalism
The reserved powers of the States are established by the _____ Amendment. 10th
The Constitution requires the National Government to fulfill the following obligations to the States: guarantee a republican form of government; protect the states from invasion and disorder; respect the territorial integrity of each of the states;
What are the ways the states aid the national government? conduct national elections; naturalize aliens to become citizens; arrest and hold federal criminals
The _______________ Clause provides that a state cannot take unfair advantage in its laws of the residents of another state. Privileges and Immunities
The _____________ Clause requires that states honor one another’s public acts, records, and judicial proceedings . Full Faith and Credit
The ___________ Clause states that the Constitution stands above all other forms of law in the United States. Supremacy
The _______________________________ Clause grants Congress the power to make all laws needed to carry out its Constitutional powers and duties. Necessary and Proper (Elastic)
Local governments derive their power from _______. state government
Agreements states enter into with both foreign nations and other states with the consent of Congress are _______________. interstate compacts
_________is the legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state. extradition
True or False: Each state does not have to allow any citizen, no matter where he or she lives, to use its courts and make contracts; buy or sell property; or marry within its borders. False
True or False: Oregon cannot pass a law giving preference to Oregonian residents when it comes to hiring True
Identify the Constitutional principle described: Constitution clearly lists what the national govt. can & can’t do limited government
Identify the Constitutional principle described: all are equally bound to the law including the government leaders rule of law
Identify the Constitutional principle described: government gets its authority and consent from the people popular sovereignty
Identify the Constitutional principle described: each branch checks the power of the other two checks and balances
Identify the Constitutional principle described: national law and Constitution superior to state laws and state constitutions constitutional supremacy
Identify the Constitutional principle described: power divided among three branches separation of powers
Identify the Constitutional principle described: the division of governmental power between national govt. & the states federalism
Identify the Constitutional principle described: Courts decide whether law or executive action is constitutional judicial review