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Art Test #4

Renaissance "Rebirth", 1400 A. D. - 1600 A. D., intense artistic activity throughout Europe, fueled by a renewed interest in the ancient Romans and Greeks, and science/math
Medici A powerful family in Florence, great patrons of the arts during the Renaissance
Filippo Brunelleschi Designed the dome of the Cathedral of Florence, two shells, linked with ribs and one supports the other
Lorenzo Ghiberti Designed and sculpted the doors of the baptistery of Florence, competed against Brunellschi, 21, took more than 20 years, made of bronze, covered in gold, 28 panels that tell stories from the New Testament
Donatello Florentine sculptor who used contraposto to suggest action, statue of David
Statue of David First life-size, freestanding nude statue since ancient times, represents David's victory over Goliath as a symbolic of Christ's victory over sin and death also of the victory of the small and self-sufficient over brute force of larger opponents
Masaccio Painted Tribute Money
Tribute Money A fresco in the church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Peter paying a tax collector, early example of the use of linear and atmospheric perspecitve
Fresco A painting on wet plaster
Linear Perspective A system of drawing or painting to give the illusion of depth on a flat surface, all parallel lines receding into the distance are drawn to one or more vanishing points on the horizon
Atmospheric Perspective (Aerial Perspective) A method of creating the illusion of distance by representing objects further away with less detail and less colorful
Fra Angelico Florentine master of landscape painting, Adoration of the Magi (tondo)
Tondo A painting round in shape
Sandro Botticelli (What did he paint?) The Birth of Venus, based on mythology, Venus (goddess of love) rises from the sea in a shell
Andrea Mantegna (Painting/technique) Dead Christ, uses extreme foreshortening
Foreshortening Drawing or painting an object/person that's not parallel to the picture plane so it seems to recede in space, looking like it's 3-D, parts get smaller as the recede into space
Leonardo da Vinci "Renaissance Man", knowledgeable/talented in many areas, left 10,000 pages of notes
Sfumato Partly obscured by a light haze
Chiaroscuro An extreme contrast of dark and light values
Michelangelo Buonarroti "The greatest man ever known to the arts", Pieta (Rome, 1500, Mary holds Jesus, carved from single block of marble), concerned with overall appearance/visual effect of pyramidal composition rather than proportions,
The Last Supper Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan, Christ and the apostles are celebrating Passover and Christ is gesturing "one of you will betray me", long-term restoration bc painting and dry plaster with oil and tempera caused it to peel
The Mona Lisa The world's most famous portrait, hills and mountains are partially obscured by a light haze and is an example of chiatroscuro
Michelangelo Buonarroti Considered by some "the greatest man ever to know the arts"
The Last Supper Painted by Leonardo da Vinci, located in Santa Maria della Grazie, being restored bc oil and water started to peel
Mona Lisa Painted by Leonardo da Vinci, uses sfumato and chiaroscuro
Pieta Done by Mikey in Rome in 1500, Mary holds Christ in her lap, concerned with appearance/visual effect rather than exact proportions, carved from a single block of marble, signed it on band across Mary's chest
David (Mikey) Marble, holding sling shot, more muscular than Donatello's bronze version, copy in piazza (Florence), original in Academia (Florence)
Dome of St. Peter's (Rome) Largest dome in the world
Sistine Chapel Took 4 years and 5 months, contains Old Testament scenes, started to be restored in 1979 (400 years after completion) and took 10 years
The School of Athens Painted by Raphael, fresco, shows Greek masters of classics: Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Pythagoras, Euclid, Michelangelo, Leonardo, and Raphael himself
Titian Artistic giant from Venice
Filippo Brunelleschi Dome of the Cathedral of Florence
Lorenzo Ghiberti Doors of the Baptistery of Florence
Donatello Bronze David
Masaccio Tribute money painting
Fra Angelico Adoration of the Magi
Sandro Botticelli The birth of Venus
Andrea Mantegna Dead Christ
Leonardo Da Vinci The Last Supper and Mona Lisa
Michelangelo Buonarroti Pieta, David (marble), dome of St. Peter's Basilica, Sistine Chapel
Raphael Sanzio School of Athens
Created by: archergirl