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AnP Ch 1 Part B

Chapter 1 Part B

TermDefinition
Anatomical Position Body erect, feet slightly apart, Palms Facing forward with thumbs pointing away from body.
Inferior Toe, Caudal, Below. Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body. The navel is inferior to the chin.
Superior Head, Cranial, Above. Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body. The head is superior to the abdomen.
Anterior Ventral, Vagania. Toward or at the front of the body in-front of. the breast bone is anterior to the spine.
Posterior Dorsal, Behind, Dolphin. Toward or at the back of the body. The heart is posterior to the breast bone.
Medial Toward or at the mid-line of the body. on the inner-side of middle. The heart is medial to the arm.
Lateral Faraway, on the outer-side. Away from the mid-line of the body. The arms are lateral to the chest.
Intermediate Between a more medial and a more lateral structure. The collar bone is intermediate between the breast bone and shoulder.
Proximal Closer Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
Distal Further away Farther from the origin of a body part of the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
Superficial External Toward the or at the body surface. The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles
Deep Internal Away from the body surface more internal The lungs are deep to the skin.
Axial Head, Neck and Trunk
Appendicular Limbs (legs and Arms)
Stagittal Plane Left and Right Side.
Frontal (Coronal) Plane Front and back. Anterior and posterior plane
Traverse lane Horizontal . Superior and Inferior Cross section
Oblique Section Results of cuts at an angle other than 90 deg to vertical plane. Odd Angle
Midsagittal Plane Cut was made perfectly on mid-line. Median.
Parasagittal Plane Cut was off centered, not on midline
Dorsal Cavity Encases Brain. Cranial: Contains brain Vertebral: Encases spinal cord.
Abdominal Cavity Contains digestive viscers. Contains stomach, Intestines, Spleen and liver
Pelvic Cavity Contains Bladder, Reproductive organs and Rectum.
Ventral Cavity Thoraic and Adomino pelvic cavity. Each cavity sourrounds a lung.
Thoracic Cavity Contains heart and lungs.
Mediastinum Contains the pericardial Cavity. Surrounds other thoracic organs such as Esophagus and Trachea.
Pericardial Cavity Encloses Heart
Serosa Thin double layered membranes that cover surfaces inventral body cavity. Parietal- lines internal body cavity walls Visceral- covers internal organs
Pericardium Heart
Pleurae Lungs
Peritoneum Abdominopelvic Cavaity
Homeostatic Imbalance Ex: Pleurisy and Peritonitis Serous membranes can become inflames as a result of infection or other causes.
9 Divisions called regions Right Hypo Region, Epigastric Region, Left Hypo Region, Right Lumbar Region, Umbilical Region, Left lumbar Region, Right Lliac region, Hypogastric Region, Left Lliac region.
Created by: Jaytee07